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IRNA of communities affected by floods in Awerial County, Lakes State

  • To ascertain the magnitude of the impacts of reported floods
  • Focus Group Discussion
  • key informants’ interview with RRC, Chiefs, etc and
  • Observation
Key findings: 
  • The assessment found out that more than 50% of the sites visited were displaced from their homes and were in open places, local churches and / or in school buildings while some sought refuge from friends, relatives that have not been affected. 100% of the sites visited had no latrines and open defecations was witnessed in their surroundings. 100% of the households visited, FGD and KI conducted agreed that floods indeed affected their other sources of food leading to change in their meals pattern and income. And 100% of the respondents agreed that livestock were greatly affected by the floods.
  • The residents of the two assessed Payams of Nile and Puluk have experienced worst flooding this year. It is devastating to the affected population as their crops and livestock are affected though no 5
  • livestock seen on the scene. Information on the ground revealed that livestock had been moved to drier areas which the assessment team did not reach.
  • Large Volumes of water ranging from 1- 1.5 Meters at some parts has destroyed field crops and vegetables such as groundnuts, sorghum, simsim, maize, okra among others.
  • Some tukuls collapsed and some are stagnating in water with household members forced by flooding to move to safer and drier areas such as churches, schools which has led to congestion that are potential health hazards. It was reported by community members that some of the deserted flooded houses are being inhabited by crocodiles. There are likely risks of Malaria, diarrhoeal diseases and pneumonia.
  • 3 death cases from flooding were reported to the team by local authority and chief. One mother and her child died as a result of flooded building collapsing on them at night while another woman was moving from Kalthok Yol Akot drowned in flood stream and died.
  • The living condition of the people is unbearable for children, the elderly, sick, pregnant and lactating women as most of them sheltered under trees without shelters. There were no pit latrines in the areas. Open defecation was being practiced as the team saw human faeces on ground.
  • In terms of humanitarian needs, Urgent household shelter kits/ NFIs provision are main priorities followed by food assistance to households that are not of current intervention, and essential drugs. There is urgent need for water guard tablets provision, drilling and rehabilitating broken hand pumps at drier areas where people have been displaced to as most of them are drinking unclean water. An integrated, Protection, COVID 19, hygiene and sanitation awareness campaigned to start immediately.
  • There are reported cases of diarrhoea and malaria as a result of drinking contaminated water and suitable conditions for mosquito breeding. The communities visited have poor hygiene and sanitation practices. Faecal deposits were observed along the paths and around homesteads.
  • Some school structures are submerged in water, for example Ahou primary school and St. Paul Girls’ primary schools.
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Available on Request
Assessment Data: 
Available on Request
Assessment Date(s): 
05 Aug 2020 to 07 Aug 2020
Report completed
Population Type(s): 
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Participating Organization(s): 
Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development (ACTED)
Catholic Relief Services
Doctors with Africa CUAMM
Finn Church Aid
HelpEducation South Sudan (South Sudan)
Norwegian People's Aid
Plan International
REACH Initiative
Turkish Red Crescent
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
World Food Programme
World Health Organization
Other location: 
Marik, Mingkaman, Padar, Kalthok, Malual, Ramtong, Guthom
South Sudan: Floods - Aug 2020