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Inter-agency Rapid Needs Assessment (IRNA) Report: Yambio and Gangura (18-19 May 2016)


On 18 – 19 May 2016 an Inter-agency Rapid Needs Assessment (IRNA) was conducted in Yambio and Gangura payams to assess the humanitarian needs of people affected by the fighting and related events.

Key findings: 

At the time of the IRNA, an estimated 12,150 people had returned to Yambio town, but many were still reported to be displaced. In Gangura Center, approximately 900 people of a total estimated pre-crisis population of 3,000 had returned home following a general improvement of the security situation. The majority of people in the assessed bomas surrounding Gangura remained displaced.
In Yambio, the community identified the following primary needs: food, seeds and tools, shelter and non-food items such as plastics sheets, blankets and mosquito nets. People reported having been displaced multiple times and noted that there had been cases of sexual and gender based violence, killings and abductions during the fighting. Many reported returning to looted and burned homes, and noted that livelihoods, primarily agriculture, had been disrupted. Returnees reported a reduction in the amount of food they were consuming, relying on borrowing from relatives and foraging for more wild foods than usual to meet their nutritional needs. The two hand pumps in the area were not functioning, and people reported using streams or ponds as their main water source.
In Gangura, the top priorities identified by people affected by the fighting were food, shelter and non-food items, seeds and tools, health services and WASH. While the situation had incrementally improved since the April peace agreement, people reported still feeling unsure about the security situation and many had yet to return home. People reported that their homes were burned and looted during the fighting, and that bush fires during the dry season had caused additional damage. Affected people reported that during the fighting many people were killed, assets were looted or destroyed, and their livelihoods, primarily agriculture, were interrupted. Two schools and at least three health facilities were not functioning at the time of the assessment and, in one location where health services were available, people reported concerns accessing the site due to the reported close proximity of armed actors. Only three of the eight known hand pumps were working, and the majority of the population was accessing water from streams and rivers. People reported that their current food stocks would last less than one week and that they had resorted to eating less preferred foods and foraging for wild foods to meet their needs. They noted that, while they had land to plant, they did not have sufficient seeds and tools. Markets were resuming, albeit on a very small scale, but good were expensive.

Assessment Report: 
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Date(s): 
19 May 2016
Report completed
Population Type(s): 
All affected population
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Participating Organization(s): 
Catholic Medical Mission Board
Humanitarian Development Consortium
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
United Nations Children's Fund
World Health Organization
World Vision International
Inter-Cluster Coordination