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Somalia: Humanitarian Needs Overview 2018

The humanitarian crisis in Somalia is among the most complex and longstanding emergencies. While large-scale famine has been averted in 2017, the humanitarian impact of the drought has been devastating. More than 6.2 million people, half of the population, are in need of humanitarian assistance and protection. The ongoing confl ict continues to reduce the resilience of communities, trigger displacement and impede civilians’ access to basic services and humanitarians’ access to those in need. Exclusion and discrimination of socially marginalized groups are contributing to high levels of acute humanitarian need and lack of protection among some of the most vulnerable. Disease outbreaks such as acute watery diarrhea (AWD)/cholera and measles continue to lead to preventable deaths across the country.

The longstanding humanitarian crisis has in 2016 and 2017 been aggravated bythe impact of four consecutive poor rainy seasons, including in confl ict-affected areas, triggering large-scale new displacement and increasing protection concerns. The drought is exacerbating existing vulnerabilities, particularly among women, children, elderly, persons with disabilities and marginalized communities. Many crisis-affected civilians have limited access to essential assistance and basic services. Displacement from rural to urban areas is has a signifi cant impact on the demographic make-up of the country, leading to urban overcrowding and putting additional pressure on scarce resources and services in cities and towns. This is also increasing the risk of disease outbreaks due to limited access to safe water and poor sanitation, and overburdened health services. Malnutrition rates have increased and inter-communal tensions over access to water and grazing lands are on the rise due to drought and uneven rainfall across the regions.

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
29 Nov 2017
Document type: 
Humanitarian Needs Overview