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Somalia Education Cluster - Annual Report 2016


In 2016, Somalia has experienced a number of emergencies. In addition to the protracted IDP crisis, severe drought, floods, and internal conflicts have occurred. These emergencies have put extra pressure on the government and partners to provide protection and basic services to citizens including education services which are already extremely constrained. Country wide an estimated 5 million Somalis are in need of humanitarian assistance incl. 1.1 million IDPs.

Somalia has one of the world’s lowest gross enrolment rates for primary school‐aged children with only 30 percent children at primary education level and 26 percent for secondary education. Newly published data from UNFPA suggest that the number of out‐of‐school children and youth aged 6‐18 years is at 3 million which is a significant increase compared to the previously estimated 1.7 mill out of school children. The majority of out of school children are found in Central and South Somalia.

The primary barriers to education are the lack of safe spaces for learning (security), insufficient teachers (both qualified and unqualified), limited oversight and outreach by Ministry of Education (MOE) among others. The Ministry of Education has very limited control over education services in Somalia, specifically in Central South Somalia. At the moment there is not yet a harmonized curriculum, there are no government supported teacher training institutes in Central South Somalia and only a very limited government supported teaching force. This means that there are a wide variety of actors (civil society and private institutions) offering education which is outside of the jurisdiction and control of the government. 

United Nations Children's Fund
Original Publication Date: 
06 Apr 2017
Document type: 
Annual Report
Coordination hub(s):