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Somalia: Communicating with community - Concept Note

Somalia has been hit by several consecutive seasons of poor rainfall which has led to a severe drought, resulting in acute shortage of water, near total crop failure, rising livestock deaths, epidemic outbreaks and reduced rural employment opportunities. Poor households, including those displaced, face rapidly diminishing food access as staple food prices continue to rise sharply and livestock prices decrease significantly.
The number of people in need of assistance in Somalia has increased from 5 million in September 2016 to over 6.2 million in February 2017, more than half of the country’s population. As was the case during the 1991 and 2011-12 famines, Bay and Bakool are particularly hard hit, with 42 and 47 per cent of the population in Crisis or Emergency levels, accounting for more than 500,000 of the 2.9 million in crisis and emergency. Hereof, the vast majority, 84 per cent (421,000) are in rural areas and will potentially start moving towards urban areas as the situation deteriorates.

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
31 May 2017
Document type: