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WASH Assessment in Schools Kismayo, South Central Somalia May 2017 -Draft Report

Subject/Objective: 

The main objective of this needs assessment is to establish the current gaps in WASH in schools in Kismayo. The scope of the assessment:
• Establish gaps in water provision, access to sanitation facilities and improved hygiene practices in schools
• Find out factors that affect WASH in schools
• Provide recommendations on how to improve WASH situation in schools.
• Provide baseline that will to gauge progress in future interventions.

Methodology: 

Primary data was gathered through participatory methods in various institutions and locations in Kismayo town. Key informant interviews were carried out with INGOs (ADRA, ARC and UNOCHA), officials from the line ministries (Ministry of Education and Ministry of Water, Energy and Mineral resources) and CAAFI which is the private water service provider.
Direct observation and discussions were carried out in ten both primary and secondary levels.
Secondary data collection was done through desk review of literature on previous assessment reports, periodical Protection Return and Migration Network (PRMN) reports and the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM).

Key findings: 

There is a huge gap in WASH needs in the schools. The findings are categorized into general findings and the rest are specific to water, sanitation and hygiene components.
I. Only one school out of the ten schools which were assessed is getting support for WASH activities from an NGO. The support is only for water tracking to the school. This shows low partner support for WASH in spite of the huge gaps.
II. Most intervention supporting WASH in schools follow a project approach rather that of a programme. This means that the interventions lack supporting structures required realizing the overall objective. Most of the activities are components of WASH activities meant for other areas without focus on schools.
III. Inadequate government capacity
The line government ministries do not have adequate staffs and facilitation to carry out monitoring and supervisory roles. Most staffs work on voluntary basis, they lack transport facilities and office space.
IV. Insecurity
There are 7 out of the 15 districts in Juba Land which are still controlled by Al-Shabaab. The prevailing insecurity has created an environment of constant fear
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WASH Assessment in schools 2017
leading to most NGO staff staying away from the area. Insecurity has also made it impossible to access areas outside the town where there are better water sources to serve the city. This has affected rehabilitation of a major water supply project whose source along River Juba.

Assessment Report: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Operations(s)/Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
31 May 2017
Status: 
Draft / Preliminary Results
Population Type(s): 
All affected population
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
Lutheran World Federation
Location(s): 
Kismaayo