Multi-Cluster Needs Assessment (phase 2)
Multi-Cluster Needs Assessment (phase 2)
The Multi-Cluster Needs Assessment (MIRA phase II) was conducted between the 3rd and the 10th of December, 2013 to supplement the information obtained in the Multi-Cluster Initial Rapid Assessment (MIRA I) conducted in November, 2013. While the MIRA I aimed to provide information about impacts at the community level, the second assessment aimed to better understand impacts at the household level.
MIRA I provided data and analysis about the impacts of typhoon Haiyan at the community level. This multi-cluster needs assessment provides more detailed and representative data at the household level with the aim to provide insight into the state of recovery. The sample universe for the assessment was limited to the worst affected areas as identified in the MIRA I. The affected area was divided into three domains according to the varying impact of the storm, i.e. Domain 1, along the east coast of Leyte and the south coasts of Samar and Eastern Samar which was impacted by tidal surge; Domain 2 covering inland areas of Leyte and the Western coast of Samar which suffered significant damage as a result of extreme winds and; Domain 3 covering areas in the direct vicinity of the typhoon path in Central and Western Visayas. In addition, a separate domain was created for the population residing in evacuation centres. In total, 1,167 households from 153 barangays and 33 evacuation centres were assessed. The survey was designed to provide a 90% confidence interval with a maximum acceptable margin of error of 7 percent for each indicator.
The resilience of the affected population is remarkable. Despite loss of household members and widespread devastation of livelihoods, housing and assets, the people of the Visayas are working hard to reestablish their lives and livelihoods. Basic community services are being restored quickly in most areas although key services such as schools, maternal health clinics, social protective services, garbage collection and waste management, drainage, and sewage continue to be non-functional. Markets are rapidly recovering across the affected areas and, in some cases, are fully functional. However, key bottlenecks in the supply chain continue to influence affordability with high and volatile prices observed particularly in the Eastern areas. Livelihoods, especially in farming and fishing, have been severely affected by the typhoon. Wind damage and powerful storm surges destroyed or damaged key assets and disrupted livelihood activities – this resulted in income losses of up to 70 percent. Most agricultural households report that it will take between 6 and 8 months to fully recover. In the immediate aftermath of the typhoon, households reported significant decreases in food consumption. While, the food security situation has improved considerably with the increase in food assistance, the most vulnerable populations remain food insecure and highly dependent on food assistance. As a result, priority should remain on improving food consumption, encouraging breastfeeding practices, and on ensuring dietary diversity in the longer term. Access to adequate health services remains a key concern for more than a third of the affected population. Child nutritional status did not appear to be alarming; however it is still of concern considering the identified aggravating conditions. Preventative interventions focusing on infant and young child feeding should therefore be scaled up. Several serious protection concerns have emerged in the aftermath of the Typhoon. There remains a relatively high number of households reporting that some members are still unaccounted for, especially in Domain 3 and in evacuation centres. In addition, approximately 40 percent of households report feeling insecure and concern is high around the risks of physical and sexual violence. Major humanitarian assistance efforts since typhoon Haiyan have included food assistance, provision of shelter material and hygiene kits. These activities have helped the affected population cope with the disaster impacts more effectively in the immediate aftermath of the disaster. Provision of recovery assistance including cash and agricultural and fishery inputs have been limited up to now.