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Multi-Cluster Needs Assessment (Final Report) - Philippines Typhoon Haiyan

Subject/Objective: 

The Multi-Cluster Needs Assessment (MIRA II) was conducted
between the 3rd and the 10th of December, 2013 to
supplement the information obtained in the Multi-Cluster Initial
Rapid Assessment (MIRA I) conducted in November, 2013.
While the MIRA I aimed to provide information about impacts
at the community level, the second assessment aimed to better
understand impacts at the household level.

Methodology: 

Details on the survey methodology are provided in Annex I.
Profiles are included for (i) community services, (ii) livelihoods,
(iii) food security and nutrition, and (iv) protection. Data on key
indicators for each profile are disaggregated by geographic
domain, gender, main economic activity, urban/rural
classification, and wealth. Throughout the report references are
made to these profiles where more detailed data can be found
than presented in the main body of the report.

See PDF

Key findings: 

The resilience of the affected population is
remarkable. Despite loss of household members and
widespread devastation of livelihoods, housing and assets, the
people of the Visayas are working hard to reestablish their
lives and livelihoods.

 Basic community services are being restored quickly
in most areas although key services such as schools,
maternal health clinics, social protective services, garbage
collection and waste management, drainage, and sewage
continue to be non-functional.

 Markets are rapidly recovering across the affected areas
and, in some cases, are fully functional. However, key
bottlenecks in the supply chain continue to influence
affordability with high and volatile prices observed
particularly in the Eastern areas.

 Livelihoods, especially in farming and fishing, have
been severely affected by the typhoon. Wind damage
and powerful storm surges destroyed or damaged key assets
and disrupted livelihood activities – this resulted in income
losses of up to 70 percent. Most agricultural households
report that it will take between 6 and 8 months to fully
recover.

 In the immediate aftermath of the typhoon, households
reported significant decreases in food consumption. While,
the food security situation has improved considerably with the
increase in food assistance, the most vulnerable populations remain food insecure and highly
dependent on food assistance. As a result, priority should
remain on improving food consumption, encouraging
breastfeeding practices, and on ensuring dietary diversity in
the longer term.

 Access to adequate health services remains a key
concern for more than a third of the affected
population. Child nutritional status did not appear to be
alarming; however it is still of concern considering the
identified aggravating conditions. Preventative interventions
focusing on infant and young child feeding should therefore be
scaled up.

 Several serious protection concerns have emerged in
the aftermath of the Typhoon. There remains a relatively
high number of households reporting that some members
are still unaccounted for, especially in Domain 3 and in
evacuation centres. In addition, approximately 40 percent of
households report feeling insecure and concern is high
around the risks of physical and sexual violence.

 Major humanitarian assistance efforts since typhoon
Haiyan have included food assistance, provision of
shelter material and hygiene kits. These activities have
helped the affected population cope with the disaster impacts
more effectively in the immediate aftermath of the disaster.
Provision of recovery assistance including cash and agricultural
and fishery inputs have been limited up to now.

Assessment Report: 
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Operations(s)/Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
31 Dec 2013
Status: 
Report completed
Population Type(s): 
All affected population
Cluster(s)/Sector(s): 
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
World Food Programme
Location(s): 
Philippines
Other location: 
Region VI, VII, VIII
Disaster(s)/Emergency: 
Typhoon Haiyan - Nov 2013