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Papua New Guinea Earthquake Emergency Assessment Report, April 2018

Key findings: 

Of the 31 LLGs surveyed, 9 were estimated to have highly impacted food security with households
experiencing high or extreme food shortages, and many or most households in these areas suffering
from hunger and/or surviving on famine foods (such as wild yams, tree leaves and banana roots).
Many food gardens throughout the affected areas were reportedly destroyed removing the main
source of livelihood and food supply for the majority of people living in the area. Ongoing stress on
food security will continue until gardens are revived. Recovery efforts should prioritize reestablishment
of food gardens in order to minimize potentially detrimental effects on food security.

Water supplies have been disrupted by landslides and alterations to river courses. The earthquake has
yielded a significant shortage across all surveyed LLGs. Nearly half of all surveyed respondents
reported facing extreme shortage (38%) or having no water supply (10%). Deficiency of clean water
supply is linked to the spike in incidence of child illness, particularly diarrhea, which is compounded by
lack of adequate sanitation.

One fifth of the respondents reported having received assistance for their household or community.
For those where assistance had reached, most reported food and/or water delivery. Very little in the
way of infant supplies, hygiene packs or support services was reported. Nearly all respondents also
reported lack of functional infrastructure including road access, electricity and health facilities.

Assessment Report: 
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Date(s): 
27 Apr 2018
Report completed
Population Type(s): 
All affected population
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
World Food Programme
United Nations
Papua New Guinea