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Pakistan IPC Acute Food Security Analysis Maps (Jul - Dec 2015) Draft

  • The district wise Integrated Food Security Phase Classification Analysis (IPC) for Jun – Dec 2015, has showed comparatively improved food security situation across the country. The area level acute food security analysis carried out mainly by the experts and professionals mostly from government line departments, IPC Global Partners, UN agencies and civil society organizations. A total of five IPC Acute Food Security Analysis Workshops (each one of 04 days) were carried out with in Sindh, Punjab, KPK, GB, FATA and AJK, (Nov –Dec 2015). Resultantly 07 regional/provincial/sub national level IPC Maps and population tables were prepared after extensive analysis and shared with TWG members for their comments and feedback.
  • The analysis results showed that all the districts in Punjab province were classified in phase 1, however outcome elements including nutritional status and mortality rates are showing stress situation and needs immediate attention for improvements are required from government and development actors. Food Security situation in some sub district areas of the Southern Punjab districts especially adjacent to Sindh Province and desert areas is considerably in stressed condition and were classified in Phase 02.
  • In Sindh Province, 11 districts were classified in Phase 01, and 11 districts in Phase 02, only District Badin and Tharparkar were categorized in Phase 3. Recurrent natural disasters in Sindh, including floods and drought have caused the food security situation in Sindh to be considerably compromised. Operating with very weak nutrition and food security baseline indicators the conditions in the province are exacerbated by the frequent onslaught of climate related disasters. At the time of the last analysis in November of 2015, there was some improvement in the drought affected areas as a result of monsoon rains. However with no incidences of riverine flooding or heavy rainfall in the 6 months preceding the analysis most of the irrigated districts were found to be in Phase 1, with sufficient on farm livelihood opportunities and significant food production in the districts.
  • In Gilgit Baltistan region entire districts falls in phase 02. While in Pakistan Administrated Kashmir (PAK) out of 10, four districts are classified in Phase 1, five in Phase 2 and only district in Phase 03.  Both GB and PAK/AJK are the food deficit regions of the country where food deficit is covered through provision of subsidies by the federal government. Besides the stressed situation of outcome elements i.e. mortality, Nutritional status, and immunization coverage which are important factors contributing to food security of the people, if the subsidy on wheat is removed, it will drastically effect the food security situation of both GB and AJK/PAK.
  • IPC Acute Food Security Analysis for FATA showed that two Agencies (North & South Waziristan) in FATA region were classified in phase 4. The decade long security unrest, insurgencies and the corresponding military operations as part of war against terrorism in FATA agencies resulting in massive spontaneous and planned displacement of its inhabitants, sporadic unplanned and planned returns and re-displacements in certain cases are considered as the key factors in determining the overall food security situation in these areas. Besides, low food consumption score and low literacy ratio complements in aiding to the deteriorated situation resulting in defining the overall food security status as poor in FATA.  The exercise, considering all available data on IPC indicators and correlating factors suggested North Waziristan and South Waziristan agencies to be classified under Phase 4, with probability of improvement in food security situation over the next 6 months to Phase 3, subject to promising returns as planned and triggered humanitarian response by both humanitarian agencies and the Government.
  • In terms of food security and nutrition, KP province is relatively better, with most indicators pointing to an ameliorated situation positioning it next to Punjab. It has a high percentage of agricultural workers. Women’s education/literacy rate is very poor. Acute malnutrition rates are high. The IPC analysis for December 2015 showed that 15 districts are generally food secure and hence classified in Phase 1. Another 6 districts are classified as moderately food secure or in stressed situation hence classified in phase 2.  Four districts (Chitral, Kohistan, Tor Ghar and Tank) are classified as highly food insecure or in crisis situation hence comes under phase-3.
  • In Balochistan Province, total 10 districts were classified in Phase 3. Food is scarce in these areas due to little availability of water coupled with long drought periods. Furthermore, the area offers few livelihood opportunities.  Limited access to food and a large percentage (up to 70 %) of the population living below the poverty line are the major contributing factors. Among the principal reasons pushing districts towards high levels of food insecurity is the worsening law and order situation as well as less rainfall. The remaining 16 districts were classified in Phase 2 while 06 districts were categorized in Phase 1.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
World Food Programme
European Commission Humanitarian Aid & Civil Protection
Action against Hunger
United Nations Children's Fund
Save The Children
Original Publication Date: 
02 Feb 2016
Document type: 
Karachi City
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