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Gender & Wash Toolkit for Palestine


1.1 Background and Aims

The relationships between women and men and girls and boys, have traditionally been unequal and characterized by a differentiation of roles, affecting and influencing all areas and spheres of life.

Gender relations are often dictated by unequal power dynamics that assign particular roles, determine access to decision making and access to/control over resources.

Water is the essence of life. Safe drinking water and sanitation are indispensable to sustain life and health and fundamental to the dignity of all1. Access to water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) knowledge and practices is directly influenced by gender relations and roles. As is the case in most societies in the world, WASH facilities and access to water is associated with responsibilities undertaken by women in Palestine, since they are the ones responsible inside the household of meeting the basic needs of its members.

In addition, availability of WASH facilities in education and health facilities has significant gender differentiated impact. Access to water for agricultural use also has significant implications for women working in agriculture. Gender considerations in securing WASH needs during humanitarian emergencies and in long term interventions ensure protection of women and girls from Gender Based Violence (GBV).

To improve the conditions of women in different societies, several guidelines have been developed worldwide aiming to provide direction and recommendations for gender mainstreaming in water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) projects. Societal and political constraints in the Palestinian context make gender mainstreaming in WASH projects a challenging task.

The present toolkit provides technical instruments to tackle some of the most significant issues affecting women in the WASH sector in Palestine.

Civil Voluntary Group
Government of the State of Palestine - Water Authority
United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women
Original Publication Date: 
25 Jan 2018
Document type: 
Toolbox / Toolkit