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Nigeria: Safe Schools Declaration Advocacy Brief

Situational Analysis

Even though the North-East is the epicentre of the crisis in Nigeria, we need to look at education holistically from a countrywide perspective. Several attacks on education such as violence against students and education personnel have been reported in other areas of the country.

In Nigeria, attacks have ranged from hoodlum attacks, break-in and vandalism of school properties by hoodlums and drug addicts to attacks involving burning schools or killing, injuring, kidnapping, detaining or torturing students, teachers and academics. Hundreds have died as a result and hundreds of thousands more have missed out on the right to education.

Military use of schools and universities in Nigeria refers to the broad range of activities in which security forces and non-armed groups with approval from relevant government authorities have engaged the physical space of educational institutions, whether temporarily or on a long-term basis. They have used these sites in a variety of ways, including as military bases, shelters, for storage of weapons or ammunition, for interrogation, detention, or as outposts and observation posts.

The short-term impact of attacks on education includes death, injury, and destruction of educational infrastructure. The long-term impact includes disruptions in attendance, declines in student enrolment, diminished quality of education and learning, lower rates of transition to higher education levels, overcrowding and reductions in teacher recruitment. Attacks on higher education have undermined research and teaching, and have resulted in “brain drain.”

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
Riplington Education Initiative (Nigeria)
United Nations Children's Fund
Plan International
Save The Children
Government of United Kingdom - Department for International Development
Government of Nigeria - Presidential Committee on North East Initiative
Government of Nigeria - Ministry of Education
Original Publication Date: 
23 Jun 2018
Document type: 
Coordination hub(s): 
Adamawa State
Borno State
National Coordination
Yobe State
Nigeria: Complex Emergency - 2014-2020