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North-East Nigeria: Pulka, Gwoza LGA (as of November 2017)

Background

- Gwoza Local Government Authority (LGA) has been at the centre of the humanitarian crisis in north-east Nigeria, with Pulka town experiencing intense fighting and insecurity.

- The LGA has seen the killing of hundreds of civilians, the abduction of women and girls, the destruction of towns, and the large-scale forced displacement of populations. Livelihoods have been devastated and assets looted.

- Gwoza LGA borders with Cameroon, and throughout the crisis civilians have fled across the border, including to Minawao Refugee Camp. In August 2014 Non-State Armed Groups (NSAGs) took control of Pulka. However, the Nigerian Armed Forces re-took the town in March 2015 and since then populations are slowly starting to return, especially since the start of 2017. Local government has been slow to be reinstated in Pulka town however, and this has had a negative impact on the humanitarian response.

- The security situation outside Pulka town remains tenuous, and concerns about the protection of civilians remain high. Freedom of movement is restricted due to a curfew after 8pm as well as a 2km security perimeter. Displaced populations continue to arrive regularly in Pulka, generally from insecure areas such as Dure, Ngoshe, Kirawa and Baladagawisha. These individuals are screened by the Nigerian military upon arrival.

Webspace(s): 
Organization(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
01 Nov 2017
Document type: 
Fact Sheet
Location(s): 
Nigeria
Theme(s): 
Inter-Cluster Coordination