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REACH_NGA_Report_IDP Intentions in Borno State_September 2017

Subject/Objective: 
In a highly dynamic context characterised by severe restrictions on access, and amidst limited evidence available to humanitarian partners for aid planning and delivery in north-eastern Nigeria, there is a need to understand if and where IDPs intend to move, what factors may contribute to their decision, what information they have about their areas of return or potential relocation and how they obtain it, and what support they may need upon their return or relocation. In order to better understand future displacement dynamics and to provide an evidence base to facilitate planning by humanitarian actors, REACH, in partnership with the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) and the Danish Refugee Council (DRC), as well as the Protection Sector, conducted an assessment of IDPs’ intentions to return to their homes, relocate or integrate in their current place of displacement. The assessment was conducted in the capital areas of 12 LGAs in Borno State hosting large numbers of IDPs and which had not been the subject of a large-scale intentions assessment before. Findings in this report aim to explain movement intentions of the displaced population. This report begins with an overview of the profile of displaced households. A second section examines displacement dynamics, between IDPs’ village of origin and current location, including main causes and length of flight, means of arrival, multiple displacement and family separation. A third section analyses IDPs’ intentions to return, relocate and integrate in their current place of displacement, offering estimated caseloads and analysing push and pull factors, including those influencing pendular displacement. A fourth section provides an overview of needs and vulnerabilities, with a more detailed analysis of protection, shelter and livelihood conditions. Finally, a fifth section examines IDPs’ access to information and explores possibilities to fill information gaps.
Methodology: 
REACH used a mixed-methods approach, beginning with a household level survey of IDPs, disaggregated by population groups based on primary housing location types (i.e., IDPs in formal camps, IDPs in informal camps, IDPs in host communities) across 12 LGA capital areas, including IDP sites within and in the vicinities of the capital. Both quantitative and qualitative data collection were carried out in all IDP sites (formal and informal camps, as well as host communities within which IDPs live) listed in the International Organization for Migration’s (IOM) Data Tracking Matrix (DTM), Round XVI, and accessible in the capital areas. A full list of sites assessed is available in Annex 1. IDP sites outside capital areas were excluded from this assessment from its conception, mostly due to accessibility constraints. Although IDP sites outside capitals were accessible in Bama and Gwoza LGAs (namely, in the towns of Banki and Pulka, respectively), they were also excluded in order to maintain coherence, keeping the assessment focused on LGA capital areas only. The structured household level data collection was followed by semistructured qualitative data collection through FGDs, to contextualise household level data and explore topics in further detail. NRC and DRC, as well as the Protection Sector, were closely consulted on the design of the methodology and data collection tools.
Assessment Report: 
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
27 Oct 2017
Status: 
Report completed
Population Type(s): 
IDPs
Cluster(s)/Sector(s): 
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
REACH Initiative
Location(s): 
Borno