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REACH_NGA_Report_IDP Intentions in Borno State_September 2017

Subject/Objective: 

In a highly dynamic context characterised by severe restrictions on access, and amidst limited evidence available
to humanitarian partners for aid planning and delivery in north-eastern Nigeria, there is a need to understand if and
where IDPs intend to move, what factors may contribute to their decision, what information they have about their
areas of return or potential relocation and how they obtain it, and what support they may need upon their return or
relocation.
In order to better understand future displacement dynamics and to provide an evidence base to facilitate planning
by humanitarian actors, REACH, in partnership with the Norwegian Refugee Council (NRC) and the Danish
Refugee Council (DRC), as well as the Protection Sector, conducted an assessment of IDPs’ intentions to return
to their homes, relocate or integrate in their current place of displacement. The assessment was conducted in the
capital areas of 12 LGAs in Borno State hosting large numbers of IDPs and which had not been the subject of a
large-scale intentions assessment before. Findings in this report aim to explain movement intentions of the
displaced population.
This report begins with an overview of the profile of displaced households. A second section examines displacement
dynamics, between IDPs’ village of origin and current location, including main causes and length of flight, means
of arrival, multiple displacement and family separation. A third section analyses IDPs’ intentions to return, relocate
and integrate in their current place of displacement, offering estimated caseloads and analysing push and pull
factors, including those influencing pendular displacement. A fourth section provides an overview of needs and
vulnerabilities, with a more detailed analysis of protection, shelter and livelihood conditions. Finally, a fifth section
examines IDPs’ access to information and explores possibilities to fill information gaps.

Methodology: 

REACH used a mixed-methods approach, beginning with a household level survey of IDPs, disaggregated by
population groups based on primary housing location types (i.e., IDPs in formal camps, IDPs in informal camps,
IDPs in host communities) across 12 LGA capital areas, including IDP sites within and in the vicinities of the capital.
Both quantitative and qualitative data collection were carried out in all IDP sites (formal and informal camps, as well
as host communities within which IDPs live) listed in the International Organization for Migration’s (IOM) Data
Tracking Matrix (DTM), Round XVI, and accessible in the capital areas. A full list of sites assessed is available in
Annex 1.
IDP sites outside capital areas were excluded from this assessment from its conception, mostly due to accessibility
constraints. Although IDP sites outside capitals were accessible in Bama and Gwoza LGAs (namely, in the towns
of Banki and Pulka, respectively), they
were also excluded in order to maintain
coherence, keeping the assessment
focused on LGA capital areas only.
The structured household level data
collection was followed by semistructured
qualitative data collection
through FGDs, to contextualise
household level data and explore topics
in further detail. NRC and DRC, as well
as the Protection Sector, were closely
consulted on the design of the
methodology and data collection tools.

Assessment Report: 
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Operations(s)/Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
27 Oct 2017
Status: 
Report completed
Population Type(s): 
IDPs
Cluster(s)/Sector(s): 
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
REACH Initiative
Location(s): 
Borno