The data collection process was designed and managed by a technical consultant specialized in market systems assessments and the Mercy Corps Nigeria Livelihoods and Market Systems lead. The data was collected by Mercy Corps and partner organizations Action Against Hunger (ACF), Catholic Relief Services (CRS), Cooperazione Internazionale (COOPI), the International Rescue Committee (IRC), and Oxfam. Each partner consortium member runs a humanitarian assistance program in a particular geographical area in the Northeast. Adamawa was covered by IRC and Oxfam; North Borno was covered by ACF, CRS and Oxfam; South Borno was covered by Mercy Corps and Oxfam; and Yobe was covered by COOPI and CRS. Enumerators were recruited and trained by Mercy Corps and partners. Data was collected using SurveyCTO, a mobile-based software app, and was uploaded to a central server managed by Mercy Corps for monitoring and analysis.
For the assessment, a mixed-methods approach was used, which included: 1) desk research and a literature review; 2) field-level qualitative interviews; 3) quantitative enumerator-led surveys carried out across Borno, Yobe, and Adamawa; 4) in-depth interviews with high-level decision-makers in Maiduguri and Abuja; and 5) a further round of in-depth interviews with input suppliers and small businesses. A partner workshop was conducted at the start of the data collection (January 19-20, 2017) and at the end to validate findings (April 4, 2017). Prior to the kickoff workshop, a rapid assessment was carried out through a series of focus group discussions (FGDs) with farming communities. The findings of those FDGs were then used to inform and catalyze discussions in the workshop and shape the data collection going forward. Quantitative methods were used to objectively measure market dynamics with questions that were closed and categorized, while qualitative methods were used to gain an understanding of underlying motivations, opinions, attitudes, and perceptions. The questions used in qualitative research were open-ended to allow for discussion, exploration and probing.
Target groups for the assessment included:
- Agriculture traders
- Inputs suppliers
- Finance institutions
- Agriculture processors
- Infrastructure companies
- Humanitarian aid and development agencies