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Nigeria: Executive Summary Child Protection and Education Needs Assessment Borno and Adamawa State

Plan International Nigeria has conducted the assessment in Borno and Adamawa State – two of the most conflict-affected states – covering 20 communities in 11 Local Government Areas (LGAs) of Plan International Nigeria’s emergency response operations. To select these locations, Plan International Nigeria used purposive sampling methodology. The assessment used 224 Focus Group Discussions (FGD), 140 Key Informant Interviews (KII) and 19 Direct Observations (DO). Each tool has covered areas of child protection, gender based violence, education, nutrition and livelihoods. The development of the tools was informed by a desk review that covered more than 60 needs assessments. In total 2,097 individuals (565 children, 273 adolescents, 287 youth, and 972 community members) have been interviewed.1 These individuals were selected by community leaders and community volunteers and pre-screened by Plan International Nigeria community partner staff.
Key findings: 
The following presents key findings from the Child Protection and Education Needs Assessment. Child Protection Girls and young women are facing increased risk to gender based violence (GBV), including sexual violence, exploitation, early pregnancy and forced marriage. As the Child’s Right Act hasn’t been adopted by all States in Nigeria, there is a variation for the legal status of children on issues like the age of marriage (Right to Education Project, 1999). A wide range of sexual violence has taken place in Northeast Nigeria. People abducted by Boko Haram and survivors of rape and children born out of sexual violence face stigmatization and are subsequently ostracized. Girls have reported to be forced by their parents to marry because they couldn’t afford school fees, food, shelter and other basic necessities. Some reports indicated forced marriage (20 per cent or 4 of 20 sites) as an arranged marriage against the will of the girl child, because of pregnancy, or for economic reasons (as a result of parental pressures – 75 per cent or 15 of 20 sites). This has been so widely reported that the interconnection between food insecurity, household income and sexual exploitation cannot be refuted.
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Date(s): 
25 Sep 2017
Report completed
Unit(s) of Measurement: 
Collection Method(s): 
Structured Interview
Baseline data analysis
Population Type(s): 
Camp population
Host communities
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
Plan International
Early Recovery
Nigeria: Complex Emergency - 2014-2019