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Nigeria: Cadre Harmonisé for Identification of Risk Areas and Vulnerable Populations in Sixteen (16) States


The Cadre Harmonisé (CH) is the current regional framework for consensual analysis of food insecurity situations. It aims to have the results of food insecurity analysis applied to prevent food crisis by identifying affected areas and populations and proffering appropriate measures to improve their food and nutrition security and livelihoods. The results of this analysis that identified the food and nutrition insecure areas within sixteen northern states of Nigeria were arrived at after analyzing the food and nutrition security outcome indicators and their relevant contributing factors.

Three of the sixteen states (Adamawa, Borno and Yobe) have had severe incidences of insurgency attack since 2009. Although the trend of the insecurity is now declining, some major outcome indicators and contributing factors still show concern for the food and nutrition security and livelihood levels of the populations in these states between the last CH analysis in October 2016 and the current March 2017 analysis. Communal conflict impacted negatively on some populations in Kaduna, Plateau and Benue states; the outbreak of Avian Influenza was experienced in Kano and Plateau States; while the prevalence of HIV/AIDS was recorded in Niger State; and fire outbreak affected some populations in Sokoto and Bauchi States.


The Cadre Harmonisé (CH) is a global analytical framework of national and regional system for food crisis prevention and management which takes into account various outcome indicators for food and nutrition security and the impact of contributing factors. The March 2017 CH analysis was conducted at zonal (senatorial) level in 13 out of the 16 States and at LGA level in the 3 states of Borno, Yobe and Adamawa. The methodology adopted for the analysis is the same uniform process used at the regional level for acute food and nutrition security analysis which aims at food crisis prevention and management. The result communicated from the analysis is obtained through convergence of evidence and consensus building among the participating experts in classifying the severity of food and nutrition insecurity and estimating the affected populations in the current and projected periods. The State-based analysis was conducted from 27th February to 3rd March, 2017 across four cities (Jalingo, Kano, Sokoto and Kaduna) with the 16 states shared out at 3-5 States per centre. The national consolidation workshop was done at Abuja from 6th to 9th March, 2017 and the workshop for presentation of the outcomes of the analysis to
stakeholders was held on 10th March 2017.

Key findings: 

FOOD CONSUMPTION: In the current period, 10 out of the 16 states are in the minimal phase of food insecurity situation; 3 states are under stress; 2 states are in crisis; and 1 is in emergency.

EVOLUTION OF LIVELIHOODS: Households are facing disrupted livelihoods mainly due to fire outbreaks and increased influx of IDPs. The risk of short-term disruption of livelihoods remained in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa states due to sporadic insurgent attacks.

NUTRITION: Some states are facing nutritional challenges, especially among children aged under 5 years.

MORTALITY: Data was not recorded in most of the states except in Borno, where a crisis situation was observed in Monguno, Maiduguri Metropolitan Council (MMC) and Jere Local Government Areas regarding Under 5 Mortality Rate (U5MR) and Crude Mortality rate (CMR).

Assessment Report: 
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Date(s): 
17 Mar 2017
Report completed
Population Type(s): 
All affected population
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
Government of Nigeria
Participating Organization(s): 
Famine Early Warning Systems Network
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Permanent Interstate Committee for Drought Control in the Sahel
World Food Programme
United Nations Children's Fund
International Rescue Committee
Adventist Development and Relief Agency
Save The Children
Action against Hunger
Catholic Caritas Foundation of Nigeria
Integrated Food Security Phase Classification
Nigeria: Complex Emergency - 2014-2021