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IOM Nigeria Displacement Tracking Matrix Round XIV


The escalation of Boko Haram violence in 2014 resulted in mass displacement around northeastern Nigeria. To better understand the scope of displacement and assess the needs of affected populations in northeast Nigeria, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) started implementing its Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) program in September 2014 in collaboration with the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) and the State Emergency Management Agencies (SEMAs). IOM’s DTM is used in countries around the world to track displacement caused by natural disasters and conflict.


An assessment is conducted with key informants at the LGA, Ward and Site level. The type of information collected at this level includes: displaced population estimates (households and individuals), time of arrival of IDPs, location of origin, reasons of displacement and type of displacement locations. The assessment also captures if IDPs have originated from the LGA and Ward and records contacts of key informants and organizations assisting IDPs in the LGA. The main outcome of this assessment is the list of ward where IDP presence has been identified. This list will be used as a reference to continue the assessment at ward level.

Key findings: 

As of February 13, 2017, the estimated number of IDPs in Adamawa, Bauchi, Borno, Gombe, Taraba, and Yobe is 1,899,830 (337,353 households). This represents an increase of 129,386 individuals (7 per cent) from 1,770,444 (311,478 households) in DTM Round XIII (Dec. 2016). This increase is primarily due to improvements in security in Borno, which has allowed stranded IDPs to move to safer places, where DTM teams were able to identify them. The vast majority of IDPs were identified in Borno (1,506,170), followed by Adamawa (147,528) and Yobe (112, 269). The return to relative safety in some of the areas previously held by Boko Haram also explains the increase in the number of returnees from 1,039,267 in DTM Round XIII to 1,099,509 this round. Food continues to be the prevalent unfulfilled need of more than half of the displaced people surveyed, in camps and host communities. 60 percent people cited food as their biggest unmet need in this round, a decrease from 66 percent in the last DTM assessment. Non-food items (NFI), like blankets and mosquito nets came in second with 21% citing them as their most unmet need. The trend of return continues to be observed in the areas assessed. An estimated 1,099,509 returnees were identified in Adamawa, Borno and Yobe. Most returnees are originally from Borno (28%), followed by Adamawa (25%) and Gombe (9%).

Assessment Report: 
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Henry K Kwenin
Aanuoluwapo Akinyera
+2348032058272 (Mobile)
Dominique VAGERY Murat
Assessment Date(s): 
19 Dec 2016 to 25 Jan 2017
Report completed
Collection Method(s): 
Key Informant Interview
Population Type(s): 
Displaced population
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
Government of Nigeria - National Bureau of Statistics
Government of Nigeria - National Emergency Management Agency
International Organization for Migration
Participating Organization(s): 
Government of Nigeria - National Emergency Management Agency
International Organization for Migration
Nigerian Red Cross Society
Internally Displaced People (IDPs)
Refugees and Returnees
Nigeria: Complex Emergency - 2014-2020