The Education Cluster has now moved from the response phase to recovery and reconstruction. This page provides all the archived information from the Gorkha Earthquake Response of April 25 2015. Below you will find a snap shot of the background information, the flash appeal, Education Cluster achievements, and transition information. You will also find key education contacts for the reconstruction and reovery phase.
You can also view the Need vs Response data for the Nepal Education Cluster by CLICKING HERE!
On 25 April, a 7.8 magnitude earthquake struck Nepal causing severe destruction in 14 out of the 75 districts in the country. Two weeks later, on 12 May, another quake of 7.3 magnitude hit, worsening the humanitarian situation. A total of 8,891 people were confirmed dead, 605,254 houses destroyed and 288,255 houses damaged. During the height of the emergency, some 188,900 people were temporarily displaced. In the immediate aftermath of the disaster, the Government of Nepal launched a large scale relief operation with support from humanitarian partners. Over 100 international search and rescue and medical teams arrived in Nepal within 24 hours. Local communities, volunteers, youth groups, the private sector and neighbouring countries joined the effort. As the earthquakes affected predominantly remote mountain villages, rescue and humanitarian operations took place in extremely challenging terrain. More than 450 aid organisations responded to the emergency.
On 29 April, the Humanitarian Country Team launched a Flash Appeal to provide critical life-saving services to millions of people affected by the earthquake. One month later, the Nepal Earthquake Flash Appeal was revised to $422 million in order to meet the protection and humanitarian needs of 2.8 million people. The duration of the appeal was extended to 30 September to take into account the effects of the monsoon season and to align with the reconstruction plans of national authorities. Analysis and planning to inform priorities was based on available damage reports and secondary data. As of 30 September, a total of $241 million was contributed against the appeal (57 percent funded) including $18 million from the UN Central Emergency Response Fund. Globally, Nepal is one of the most well-funded appeals this year. Outside of the appeal, an additional $232 million was provided for the response. The majority of donations were given by private individuals and organisations. To complement the contributions, aid agencies also mobilised resources from their own internal funding systems. To address the reconstruction and recovery needs identified in the Post Disaster Needs Assessment, on 25 June, the Government of Nepal hosted the International Conference on Nepal’s Reconstruction where international partners pledged $4.4 billion in grants and loans for reconstruction of the affected areas. Implementation of large scale recovery projects was expected to begin by the fourth quarter of the year.
An estimated 1.5 million children were directly affected by the disaster, leaving 1 million children without permanent classrooms and an additional half a million requiring support to return to learning. To ensure that education needs of children were met, over 130 partners including government agencies, teachers, national and internal NGOs and donors responded. Some 300,000 children were provided access to safe temporary classrooms, including gender sensitive latrines and handwashing facilities and over 395,000 children received emergency education supplies including school kits, early childhood development kits and recreation kits to help them recover from the stress and disruption caused by the earthquakes. Close to 13,000 teachers were also trained on psychosocial support, life-saving messages and school safety information. The Education Cluster coordinated structural assessment of 6,300 schools, designating 55,000 classrooms safe or unsafe for children to use. As part of a ‘Back To School’ campaign through the media, 1 million parents, teachers and children were reached through orientations and communication materials.
A Program Implementation Unit (PIU) is being established within the Department of Education to coordinate the reconstruction process. Coordination and information management functions of the Education Cluster will be integrated into the PIU over the coming months. An Education in Emergencies sub group will coordinate preparedness and other emergency related tasks under the sector’s Thematic Working Group on School Safety and Disaster Risk Reduction.
Key Contacts for Recovery and Reconstruction
Department of Education
Chief of Disaster Risk Management
Jhapper Singh Vishokarma
Senior Division Engineer
Education in Emergencies Manager
Emergency Education Specialist
SAVE THE CHILDREN
Programme Manager Education