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Mozambique: Gombe Emergency Response Plan - 2022

Communities in Mozambique are suffering from the impact of Tropical Cyclone Gombe, which left a trail of severe damage and devastation in its path. Tropical Cyclone Gombe made its first landfall in Mozambique in Nampula province on 11 March, hitting as a Category 3 cyclone and bringing torrential rains (200mm/24h) and violent winds (150-185km/h). The fury of Gombe's winds toppled trees and ripped off roofs of buildings, destroyed houses, schools, and health centers, and washed away roads and crops. Overnight, hundreds of thousands of people were affected, and thousands were left homeless. At the height of the crisis, more than 736,000 people were affected, and 23,000 people were displaced. The displaced persons sought shelter in schools, churches, mosques, abandoned buildings, and government administrative headquarters posts, turning these into over 68 temporary accommodation centers across the affected provinces (44 in Nampula province and 20 in Zambezia, along with four relocation sites). Corrane resettlement site, which hosts over 1,605 families (7,235 individuals) displaced from the conflict in Cabo Delgado, was greatly affected by the cyclone, with more than 742 shelters severely damaged as well as some 400 more shelters and numerous other infrastructures partially damaged. The cyclone made landfall near the areas where Tropical Storm Ana and Tropical Depression Dumako had already struck six weeks prior, exacerbating pre-existing vulnerabilities. The combined effects of Tropical Storm Ana, which hit the country in January, and Tropical Depression Dumako, which struck in February, affected more than 200,000 people in Nampula, Zambezia, and Tete provinces. After hovering over Nampula province, Tropical Cyclone Gombe moved out into the sea, only to track back into Mozambique and make a new landfall in Zambezia province at the stage of a tropical depression. The new landfall brought new rains, which triggered further flooding. The magnitude of needs and damage is widespread and severe. The final data on the impact released by the Institute for Disaster Management and Risk Reduction (INGD) indicated that Gombe affected at least 736,015 people (148,253 families) across Nampula, Zambezia, and Sofala provinces, causing 63 deaths and injuring 108 people. As of mid-April, a total of 141,854 houses were partially damaged or destroyed, along with 69 health centers, 2,265 classrooms (affecting 216,003 students), 2,764 electricity poles, and 21 water systems. Some 91,177 hectares of crops were lost, with grave concern for the food security outlook of the affected areas. A total of 1,243 km of roads were severely damaged. Nampula province, the area most affected by Gombe and a very densely populated one, is an economically and culturally dynamic part of Mozambique due to the Nacala port and railway connecting Malawi and Zambia with the Indian Ocean. The province accounts for 14.8 per cent of Mozambique's Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and hosts Ilha de Moçambique, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In addition to being densely populated, Nampula hosts more than 100,000 IDPs from the conflict in Cabo Delgado. The Government's preparedness and response efforts played a critical role in preventing further loss of lives and quickly responding to the unfolding needs of the displaced people who had lost everything. Pre-emptive evacuation and early warning messaging broadcasted by INGD alerted communities of the impending danger. Response efforts included prepositioning and distributing food and non-food items, search and rescue operations, evacuation of the stranded population, and establishment of temporary accommodation centers, among others.

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
01 Apr 2022
Document type: 
Other Response Plans (FLASH)
Coordination hub(s): 
Tropical Cyclone Gombe - Mar 2022