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Mozambique Cyclone Idai Post Disaster Needs Assessment

Subject/Objective: 

The negative impact of climate change is now a growing reality for Mozambique, a situation which must be considered now and into the future. The country is frequently ravaged by cyclones, floods or drought, and the cyclones and floods of 2019 were the most devastating in recent history in terms of its human and physical impact as well as its geographic extent. A total of 64 districts and 19 counties were directly affected, but almost the entire country suffered from its adverse socio-economic effects.

The disaster interrupted the delivery of basic services such as water and electricity, it damaged roads and bridges that are essential for commercial activity, and destroyed houses, shops and other buildings. Cyclones Idai and Kenneth, with gusty winds ranging from 180 to 220 km/h accompanied by heavy rainfall, also had a huge social impact, causing the death of more than 650 people and directly affecting about 2 million people in the provinces of Sofala, Manica, Tete, Zambézia, Inhambane, Cabo Delgado and Nampula.

Methodology: 

The PDNA undertaken in Mozambique follows the standard methodology developed by the UN System, World Bank and the European Union, which integrates a collection of analytical methods, tools and techniques developed for post-disaster assessments and recovery planning. The assessment builds on primary and secondary data provided by the GoM and development partners, and on interviews and field visits to affected areas.

Key findings: 

About 1.5 million people were affected by Cyclone IDAI, which represents approximately 11.2% of the total population in the four affected provinces. Table 3 summarizes the multiple deprivations now facing the population in the four provinces affected by Cyclone IDAI. The loss of housing will greatly affect multidimensional poverty since 4 out of 17 (25%) of the indicators relate to housing. Of equal concern is the simultaneous loss of all household goods and productive assets, which in terms of monetary value are proportionally higher than building costs. For families that have lost everything at once, finding the necessary financial and material resources to simultaneously rebuild housing, replace domestic items, and rebuild livelihoods, will be extremely challenging and will take time.

Assessment Report: 
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Operations(s)/Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
24 May 2019
Status: 
Report completed
Collection Method(s): 
Structured Interview
Population Type(s): 
All affected population
Boys
Displaced population
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
Government of Mozambique
Government of Mozambique - National Disaster Management Institute
Participating Organization(s): 
World Bank
Delegation of the European Commission
United Nations
African Development Bank Group
Location(s): 
Sofala
Disaster(s)/Emergency: 
Tropical Cyclone Idai - Mar 2019