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Madagascar: 2017 Flash Appeal [EN/FR]

Cyclone Enawo struck the coast of Madagascar as a Category 4 cyclone on 7 March, causing extensive damage due to high winds and flooding in northeastern parts of the country. Between 8 and 10 March, the cyclone traced an arc nearly the length of the island nation, bringing heavy rainfall and flooding to central and southeastern areas.

At least a quarter of a million people in the worst-affected areas require urgent life-saving humanitarian assistance and protection in the storm’s wake. The Government has declared a national emergency and requested international support. “Despite the fact that 200,000 square kilometres covering half of Madagascar’s 22 regions have been affected, the country will not be left behind. Together, the international community, the Malagasy people, the government and all stakeholders will overcome the challenges posed by Enawo,” said said Bary Rafatrolaza, Deputy Foreign Minister of Madagascar.

Already suffering livelihood losses due to delayed rains, the most vulnerable families in the cyclone-affected areas urgently require assistance to re-establish access to clean water and sanitation, rebuild damaged homes, and replace lost food supplies. Immediately after the storm, families reported having only two to three weeks of food remaining, while the crops they had managed to plant were swept away by flood waters. Up to 85 per cent of planted subsistence crops were lost in some areas, while more than 1,300 wells – the major source of household water – are flooded and contaminated. More than 100 health centres and 3,300 classrooms were damaged by the cyclone.

Main humanitarian needs

  •  Access to clean water and adequate sanitation to avoid acute water-related disease outbreaks
  •  Acces to shelter for vulnerable people who have lost their shelter and assets
  •  Access to basic social services including reproductive health, education and protection services
  •  Loss of food and livelihood assets

Of the nearly 250,000 people who sought shelter in evacuation centres during the storm, more than 5,300 of the most vulnerable have no home to return to and remain in displacement sites.  

“The United Nations commends the Government of Madagascar’s leadership, both in evacuating people endangered by the storm before its arrival and in mobilising the national and international response to the cyclone,” said Violet Kakyomya, UN Resident Coordinator in Madagascar. “We are working closely with national and local authorities to meet the needs of those affected by the storm.”

In addition to providing water, sanitation and hygiene assistance for 168,000 people, the US$20 million will fund food assistance for 170,000 people, and support more than 230,000 farmers in replanting crops and replacing livestock. Some 20,000 families who lost their homes need emergency shelter and more than 100,000 children whose schooling has been disrupted need temporary learning spaces.

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
23 Mar 2017
Document type: 
Humanitarian Assistance
Humanitarian Country Team
Inter-Cluster Coordination
Natural Disasters
Tropical Cyclone Enawo - Mar 2017