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Libya Cash & Markets WG - Libya Joint Market Monitoring Initiative (JMMI) - June 2017 Factsheet

Subject/Objective: 
In an effort to better understand market dynamics in Libya, the Joint Market Monitoring Initiative (JMMI) was initiated by the Libya Cash & Markets Working Group (CMWG). The initiative is guided by the CMWG Markets Taskforce, led by REACH and supported by the CMWG members.
Methodology: 
Data collection for the JMMI occurs on a monthly basis, with associated factsheets and datasets published and distributed after every round. The inaugural round of data collection for the JMMI was conducted between 18 and 21 June 2017, during which enumerators gathered price data from 73 individual shops in 8 urban areas across Libya, namely in Tripoli, Sirte, Sebha, Brak, Derna, Gharyan, Zintan and Nalut. Field coordinators familiar with the local market conditions identified shops representative of the general price level in their respective location. Assessed shops include supermarkets, bakeries, vegetable sellers and butchers, as well as central markets if such are present. Per assessed item, at least four prices were collected within each location. In line with the purpose of the JMMI, only the price of the lowest available brand was recorded for each item. Enumerators were trained on methodology and tools by REACH. Data collection was conducted through the KoBo mobile application. Following data collection, REACH compiled and cleaned all partner data, normalising prices and cross-checking outliers.
Key findings: 
In order to compare costs of basic items across locations, a food and NFI index was calculated (see Appendix: Price Indices per Location). Overall prices were found to vary across the assessed cities. The highest food prices were registered in the South, namely in Brak and Sebha. Many food items were up to twice as expensive as in Tripoli, where prices were the lowest for most food items. A similar picture is found for NFIs, with Brak and Gharyan having the highest price levels. The difference in price levels between Tripoli and other regions is even more pronounced for NFIs than for food items. Milk was particularly expensive in the South (8 LYD/L in Sebha, 9 LYD/L in Brak), with prices twice as high as the national median. In Tripoli, milk can be bought for 2 LYD per litre, while in the other locations a litre of milk costs around 4 LYD. The price of vegetable oil in the South was around 3 LYD/L. Compared to April 2017 gures, collected by the Danish Refugee Council, this constitutes a decrease of 35%, which is likely due to a recent distribution of subsidized vegetable oil by the local consumer association (Jam’eeya) at 2.5 LYD/L. Prices may decrease further if distributions continue. By far the largest variance in prices among locations was found for baby milk. While it is available across all locations, it was particularly expensive in Brak, Sebha, Sirte and Nalut. The highest prices were registered in Sirte (47 LYD/kg) while in Gharyan (10 LYD/kg) and Tripoli (12 LYD/kg) baby milk can be purchased for a fraction of that. Across supermarkets in Tripoli, very little variation of food and NFI prices was registered. This is indicative of the competitiveness of markets in Tripoli. Little price variation was also found in Sirte while other locations showed more variance across shops. Prices on the central vegetable market in Tripoli did not differ from the corresponding prices in supermarkets. In Derna, costs for fresh vegetables were around 30% cheaper on the central market (fundek) than on secondary markets (shops). While still available, meat was found to be harder to come by than usual in Derna. As a result of recent electricity cuts, some shops were unable to keep the meat refrigerated, which led to spoilages. Apart from this, no availability issues were reported. All items were readily available in all locations. On top of that, enumerators reported availability of various brands per item.
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Contact(s): 
Tim McInerny
timmcinerny.work@gmail.com
+372 5313 1719 (Mobile)
Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
18 Jun 2017 to 21 Jun 2017
Frequency: 
Monthly
Status: 
Report completed
Unit(s) of Measurement: 
Community
Collection Method(s): 
Mixed
Population Type(s): 
All affected population
Cluster(s)/Sector(s): 
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
REACH Initiative
Participating Organization(s): 
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development
Location(s): 
Libya
Theme(s): 
Cash Transfer Programming
Market Assessment