In order to compare costs of basic items across locations, a food and NFI index was calculated (see Appendix: Price Indices per Location). Overall prices were found to vary across the assessed cities.
The highest food prices were registered in the South, namely in Brak and Sebha. Many food items were up to twice as expensive as in Tripoli, where prices were the lowest for most food items.
A similar picture is found for NFIs, with Brak and Gharyan having the highest price levels. The difference in price levels between Tripoli and other regions is even more pronounced for NFIs than for food items.
Milk was particularly expensive in the South (8 LYD/L in Sebha, 9 LYD/L in Brak), with prices twice as high as the national median. In Tripoli, milk can be bought for 2 LYD per litre, while in the other locations a litre of milk costs around 4 LYD.
The price of vegetable oil in the South was around 3 LYD/L. Compared to April 2017 gures, collected by the Danish Refugee Council, this constitutes a decrease of 35%, which is likely due to a recent distribution of subsidized vegetable oil by the local consumer association (Jam’eeya) at 2.5 LYD/L. Prices may decrease further if distributions continue.
By far the largest variance in prices among locations was found for baby milk. While it is available across all locations, it was particularly expensive in Brak, Sebha, Sirte and Nalut. The highest prices were registered in Sirte (47 LYD/kg) while in Gharyan (10 LYD/kg) and Tripoli (12 LYD/kg) baby milk can be purchased for a fraction of that.
Across supermarkets in Tripoli, very little variation of food and NFI prices was registered. This is indicative of the competitiveness of markets in Tripoli. Little price variation was also found in Sirte while other locations showed more variance across shops.
Prices on the central vegetable market in Tripoli did not differ from the corresponding prices in supermarkets. In Derna, costs for fresh vegetables were around 30% cheaper on the central market (fundek) than on secondary markets (shops).
While still available, meat was found to be harder to come by than usual in Derna. As a result of recent electricity cuts, some shops were unable to keep the meat refrigerated, which led to spoilages.
Apart from this, no availability issues were reported. All items were readily available in all locations. On top of that, enumerators reported availability of various brands per item.