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Libya Cash & Markets WG - Libya Joint Market Monitoring Initiative (JMMI) - January 2018 Factsheet

Subject/Objective: 

In an effort to better understand market dynamics in Libya, the Joint Market Monitoring Initiative (JMMI) was initiated by the Libya Cash & Markets Working Group (CMWG) in June 2017. The initiative is guided by the CMWG Markets Taskforce, led by REACH and supported by the CMWG members. Markets in key urban areas across Libya are assessed on a monthly basis. In each location, field teams record prices and availability of basic food and nonfood items (NFI) sold in local shops and markets. This factsheet presents an overview of price ranges and medians for key foods and NFIs in the assessed areas. The cleaned data sets are available on the REACH Resource Centre and distributed to CMWG partners, as well as to the broader humanitarian community. In future rounds, the factsheet will include a Minimum Expenditure Basket (MEB), which represents the minimum culturally adjusted group of items required to support a Libyan household for one month. The prices associated with the MEB will illustrate variations in prices across assessed locations. The MEB will be included once it has been agreed upon by all partners and may not contain all items assessed in the previous rounds.

Methodology: 

Data collection for the JMMI occurs on a monthly basis, with associated factsheets and datasets published and distributed after every round. The eighth round of data collection for the JMMI was conducted between 2 and 9 January 2018, during which enumerators from 5 CMWG partners (ACTED, DRC, Mercy Corps, WFP & REACH) gathered price data for 32 basic items from 323 individual shops in 24 locations. Unlike in previous months, no data was collected in Zwara for the January round. Coverage was restored in Murzuq. Field staff familiar with the local market conditions identified shops representative of the general price level in their respective location. Assessed shops include supermarkets, bakeries, vegetable sellers and butchers, as well as central markets. At least four prices per assessed item were collected within each location. In line with the purpose of the JMMI, only the price of the cheapest available brand was recorded for each item. Enumerators were trained on methodology and tools by REACH. Data collection was conducted through the KoBo mobile application. Following data collection, REACH compiled and cleaned all partner data, normalising prices and cross-checking outliers.

Key findings: 

Food prices rose by 4.3% Food prices continued to climb upwards for the fourth month in a row. From December to January, food prices rose by 4.3%. The largest increase was observed in Zliten (+16.5%). In the south, food prices rose by 9.5%, while in the east (+1.4%) and west (+4.1%), the increases were more moderate.3 Notable price changes were registered for peppers (+38.9%) and tomatoes (-20.0%), the latter of which were the only monitored food item that saw a decrease in the overall median price from December to January. Sugar (+11.1%), eggs (+10.6%) and lamb meat (+5.6%) prices rose in almost all assessed locations. Other food items showed less fluctuation. Since October, overall food prices have risen by a considerable 19.3%. The increase was the most marked in Ghadamis, where food prices rose by 34.1%. NFI prices rose by 3.2% While NFI prices had remained stable in the previous round, they increased by 3.2% from December to January. In the east (+6.7%) and west (+9.6%), NFI prices moved upward considerably, while in the south a decline of 4.3% was registered. A noteworthly price hike was observed in Al-Kufrah (+62.9%), where increases in laundry soap, shampoo and toothpaste prices led to an overall increase in the NFI price level. Stark increases were also registered in Ghadamis (+25.6%) and Tobruk (+24.8%). In Ghat a substantial decrease in NFI prices was observed (-28.5%). Prices of dishwashing liquid were found to rise substantially in the east and west, with an overall monthly increase of 26.9%. Toothbrush prices decreased by 12.5%, while prices of sanitary pads rose by 17.6%. Since October, the overall NFI price increase stands at 12.0%. While in the west and south, prices have only marginally increased since October, they have risen by a hefty 34.5% in the east. Libyan dinar appreciated on the parallel market After the Libyan dinar had depreciated against foreign currencies since October, it appreciated by 8.0% from December to January. Note that the reported data is from early January and therefore does not reflect the rapid appreciation of the Libyan dinar later that month. Some shortages found in Ghat and Sabha Some shops in Ghat reported shortages of fresh food items, such as meat and vegetables, but also vegetable oil and wheat flour. Shortages of chicken and lamb meat were also reported in some shops in Sabha.

Assessment Report: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Not Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Operations(s)/Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
02 Jan 2018 to 09 Jan 2018
Frequency: 
Monthly
Status: 
Report completed
Population Type(s): 
All affected population
Cluster(s)/Sector(s): 
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
REACH Initiative
Participating Organization(s): 
Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development (ACTED)
Danish Refugee Council
Mercy Corps
World Food Programme
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Location(s): 
Libya
Theme(s): 
Cash Transfer Programming
Market Assessment