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Libya Cash & Markets WG - Libya Joint Market Monitoring Initiative (JMMI) - August 2017 Factsheet

Subject/Objective: 
In an effort to better understand market dynamics in Libya, the Joint Market Monitoring Initiative (JMMI) was initiated by the Libya Cash & Markets Working Group (CMWG). The initiative is guided by the CMWG Markets Taskforce, led by REACH and supported by the CMWG members.
Methodology: 
Data collection for the JMMI occurs on a monthly basis, with associated factsheets and datasets published and distributed after every round. The third round of data collection for the JMMI was conducted between 2 and 8 August 2017, during which enumerators from 2 participating agencies (DRC & REACH) gathered price data from 82 individual shops in 7 urban areas across Libya, namely in Sirte, Sebha, Brak, Derna, Gharyan, Zintan and Nalut. Field staff familiar with the local market conditions identified shops representative of the general price level in their respective location. Assessed shops include supermarkets, bakeries, vegetable sellers and butchers, as well as central markets if such are present. Per assessed item, at least four prices were collected within each location. In line with the purpose of the JMMI, only the price of the lowest available brand was recorded for each item. Enumerators were trained on methodology and tools by REACH. Data collection was conducted through the KoBo mobile application. Following data collection, REACH compiled and cleaned all partner data, normalising prices and cross-checking outliers.
Key findings: 
In August, overall food prices were the highest in Derna, Sebha and Brak (see Appendix: Price Indices per Location). The most significant price movements were registered for eggs (+38%) and bread (+25%). While tomato prices remained unchanged, prices for other fresh vegetables (onions, peppers & potatoes) rose by 20%. Since June, pepper prices have risen by 50%, which is likely driven by the seasonality of the product. Prices of fresh vegetables are generally expected to increase during the second half of the year. Non-food items The most expensive location in terms of non-food items was found to be Sirte, followed by Sebha. Compared to July, overall NFI prices rose by 22% in Sebha, while they fell by 7% in Sirte. In Sirte, prices of laundry soap (-51%), dishwashing liquid (38%) and toothbrushes (+83%) showed significant variance. This was reportedly driven by a lack of some of the cheapest brands, which had been available in July. Military Encirclement of Derna Due to the recent tightening of the military encirclement of Derna in East Libya, all roads leading into the city were closed. At the time of the data collection, no trucks with supplies had been allowed to enter the city since 30 July 2017. This interrupted the supply chains, which was reflected on local markets as some food items became unavailable. Due to a lack of fuel supplies, local bakeries in Derna were forced to close down, which caused a shortage of bread. Eggs were also reported to be unavailable across the city. Unlike tomatoes, peppers and onions, potatoes are not grown within the direct vicinity of the city. Local markets ran out of potatoes as a result of supplies from more remote areas not reaching the city anymore. Three days after the data collection period, the city had reportedly run out of fresh vegetables completely, even at the central market. Furthermore, some items, including wheat flour and chicken meat, were reported to be unavailable in some shops. At the time of data collection, the prices of available food items had risen by 7% compared to July. Some basic food items (such as sugar, rice, pasta, couscous, tomato paste and chickpeas) had seen a price increase of up to 45%. NFIs were available across Derna; no shortages were reported. Furthermore, NFI prices fell slightly by 8%
Assessment Report: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Contact(s): 
Charlie Rapoport
rapop@unhcr.org
Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
02 Aug 2017 to 08 Aug 2017
Frequency: 
Monthly
Status: 
Report completed
Population Type(s): 
All affected population
Cluster(s)/Sector(s): 
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
REACH Initiative
United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees
Participating Organization(s): 
Danish Refugee Council
Location(s): 
Libya
Theme(s): 
Cash Transfer Programming
Market Assessment