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Guatemala: 2017 Humanitarian Needs Overview - HNO (EN-SP)

Guatemala is a middle-income country with the largest economy in Central America.

However, it is affected by structural problems of inequality, exclusion and extreme poverty. Indigenous communities, rural populations, women and girls in particular suffer from this vulnerability, which is enhanced by the country's exposure to frequent socio-natural disasters and the impact of non-conventional violence, dened as violence against the general population.
Over the last four years, Guatemala has faced a humanitarian crisis brought on by the country's worst drought in decades.
Chronic malnutrition affects one out of two children under five.
Furthermore, events related to violence, organized crime and consequent displacements are reported daily. Large-scale hydroelectric, extractive and agro-industrial projects deny the most vulnerable populations from their rights and increase the risk of socio-environmental disasters, food insecurity, migration and lack of land-access.

This analysis of needs is the result of the Guatemala humanitarian community’s assessment of situations requiring immediate response and measures that will help to advance issues of human rights and to mitigating the underlying causes, with the aim of ending repetitive cycles and improving the lives of vulnerable populations.

In their analysis, the HCT concluded that there are four main vulnerable groups:

i) subsistence farmers (especially corn and bean), small-scale coffee producers and labourers

ii) children suffering from chronic malnutrition

iii) migrants

iv) people affected by non-conventional violence

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
30 Nov 2017
Document type: 
Humanitarian Needs Overview