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The multi-sectoral 2011/12 short rains were conducted by a joint team comprising of the Government of Kenya (GoK), United Nations (UN), Non Governmental Organizations (NGOs), and district level teams in 29 districts within the pastoral, agro-pastoral, and southeast and coastal marginal agricultural livelihood zones. While taking into account the performance of rainfall in the three preceding seasons, teams assessed impacts of 2011 short rains on water quality and access; crop and livestock production; nutrition and health; markets and trade; and education. Teams also considered impacts of other hazards such as conflicts, floods, crop pests and high food prices, together with ongoing food and non-food interventions, to assess the level of food availability and access at household level. The teams recommended necessary cross sectoral interventions aimed at addressing immediate short term food security needs and at the same time proposed key medium to long term interventions necessary for tackling food insecurity in a sustainable manner.


The overall assessment processes and methodologies were coordinated and developed by the KFSSG. First secondary data for all assessed districts were collected and collated. Thereafter, the KFSSG organized a one week training workshop for assessment teams. During the workshop, the teams refined sectoral indicators, and were taken through the entire assessment process, including, agro-climatic information analysis, sampling methods and field data collection techniques, integrated food security phase classification, estimation of population affected and in need, and report writing. At the same time, the KFSSG identified interview sites, in each livelihood zone, statistically, to minimize bias in data collection and analysis. Each assessment team conducted a minimum of two household; two community; two key informant; and two market interviews in each sample site. The teams also visited health and education institutions to gather relevant information. Visual inspection techniques were used during transect drives to obtain qualitative information.

Key findings: 
Sample size: 
Assessment Report: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Available on Request
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Date(s): 
08 Feb 2012 to 29 Feb 2012

Level of Representation

District / Province / Locality / County
Report completed
Unit(s) of Measurement: 
Collection Method(s): 
Structured Interview
Population Type(s): 
All affected population
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
Kenya Food Security Steering Group
Participating Organization(s): 
Government of Kenya
Other location: 
Other Arid Districts of Kenya