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Iraq: Mosul Flash Appeal 2016

CRISIS OVERVIEW

The humanitarian operation in Mosul is likely to be the single largest, most complex in the world in 2016. Military operations along the Anbar and Mosul corridors have already forced more than 230,000 civilians, including 85,000 people from Fallujah, to flee their homes in search of safety. In coming weeks, as the military campaign intensifies, an additional 230,000 people are expected to flee from cities and towns in Anbar and up to 660,000 people will be displaced along the Mosul corridor.

Up to 1.5 million people are likely to be impacted once the military operation advances into Mosul itself. Although humanitarian partners have not been able to directly access Mosul since June 2014, reliable sources indicate that as many as 1.2 million to 1.5 million people are living inside the city. Once military operations begin, large-scale displacement is expected, either cumulatively over time, or suddenly and en masse. Populations on the east bank of Mosul city are expected to flee towards safer areas in the Ninewa plains. Civilians on the west bank are likely to flee southwards to Tikrit, where services are available. A significant number of families will probably flee northwards toward the Syria-Iraq border to retaken villages. Displacement towards ISIL-controlled districts, including Tel Afar, is also expected.

The impact of the Mosul military campaign on civilians will be devastating. Mass casualties among civilians are likely and families trying to flee areas controlled by ISIL are expected to be at extreme risk. Civilians who manage to escape will almost certainly be subjected to screening and possible detention and confinement. Civilians under siege are likely to be at the highest risk of hunger, deprivation, lack of medical assistance and human rights violations. Families unable to exit areas for prolonged periods as a result of the military confrontation will probably suffer the most.

Webspace(s): 
Organization(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
20 Jul 2016
Document type: 
Appeal
Location(s): 
Iraq
Theme(s): 
Inter-Cluster Coordination