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Iraq: 2015 Humanitarian Needs Overview [EN]

 

 

Principle Humanitarian Needs

KEY characteristic one: GRAVE VIOLATIONS OF HUMAN RIGHTS AND INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW CONTINUE, INCLUDING THE BRUTALISATION OF WOMEN AND GIRLS

7.9 million people are in need of protection assistance. Of immediate and overarching concern is the protection of all civilians from the impact of profound levels of violence, in an environment where women and girls are at risk of sexual violence and enslavement; where children are being used as suicide bombers and human shields, among many other violations. Those who have fled areas held by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) face new protection needs, including those prompted by social fragmentation and discrimination.

KEY characteristic two: ESSENTIAL AND LIFE-SAVING SERVICES ARE INSUFFICIENT AND OVERSTRETCHED, INCLUDING CRITICAL HEALTH AND WATER SERVICES, RAISING THE RISK OF A PUBLIC HEALTH EMERGENCY

Access to essential health services is an immediate need for 6.7 million people, while 4.1 million people are in critical need of water and access to sanitation. Health capacities are severely overburdened and disrupted, with numerous breakages reported to the cold-chain supply system. Compromised water and sanitation services have triggered a high risk of disease. Already, Iraq has one of the highest tuberculosis rates in the region, and measles cases have been reported in all 18 governorates. With the onset of summer, providing sufficient water and access to sanitation services will become increasingly urgent.

KEY characteristic three: THE CRISIS HAS IMMISERATED ENTIRE COMMUNITIES AND FOOD INSECURITY HAS INCREASED DRAMATICALLY.

Food insecurity has increased dramatically and 4.4 million people now require food assistance. Prolonged mass displacement is draining the resources of the displaced and their hosts, increasing prices and unemployment and pushing down wages, all against the backdrop of an economy on the brink. Food production and supply disruption, coupled with localised rising demands have caused sharp price hikes. With private resources dwindling, basic needs are not being met and families are forced into impossible decisions.  Exploitation, trafficking and criminal activities are already increasing.

 

KEY characteristic four: a GENERATIONOF CHILDREN ARE AT ENORMOUS RISK

Iraq cannot afford to lose a generation of children and young people.  Poor nutritional status, inadequate health care, and an education sector stretched to breaking point all affect the children caught up in this crisis. Those traumatised by violence, destruction and the cumulative destitution of their families need urgent support to mitigate against the risk of potentially fuelling violence for decades to come, and to provide a foundation for future social stability.

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
Organization(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
12 Aug 2015
Document type: 
Humanitarian Needs Overview
Location(s): 
Iraq
Theme(s): 
Inter-Cluster Coordination
Needs Assessment