To provide the WASH Cluster with a detailed evidence-base on needs, access and functionality of WASH services and infrastructure (including schools and health facilities), focusing on community inclusion, dignity, and relevant GBV components. This study will provide such data on conflict affected populations in- and out-of-camps, as well as inform sustainable and preparedness-based programming by the WASH Cluster, nationwide.
The following data collection methodologies will be applied:
1. Data relating to household needs, as well as knowledge, attitudes, and practices relating to WASH, will be collected through statistically representative household-level surveys, administered in fully accessible districts throughout the country. Sampling will be conducted to achieve findings to be statistically representative with a minimum of a 90% confidence level and 10% margin of error for each of the assessed population groups at the district level for out-of-camp settings and at camp-level within formal camps.
2. Data relating to services and infrastructure will be collected through key informant (KI) interviews across all formal camps and among WASH professionals at district-level to capture out-of-camp perspectives. KIs will be selected based on their knowledge of infrastructure and services availability and functionality, including community leaders, members of infrastructure management committees and actors implementing WASH activities .
3. In parallel, REACH will conduct comprehensive water surface mapping facilitated through remote sensing and longitudinal comparison of areal mapping, to identify areas affected by water scarcity,
In collaboration with the WASH cluster and implementing partners, a joint set of indicators and questionnaire will be agreed upon and administered by trained enumerators in the field. Partner organizations as well as REACH will be engaged in data collection, particularly in areas where REACH has no access, and joint analyses.