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REACH Iraq: Intentions Survey Round IV - IDPs Living in Formal Camps February 2019

Subject/Objective: 
In response to the protracted displacement crisis in Iraq, REACH, in partnership with the CCCM Cluster, has been conducting intentions assessments to provide continued information on IDP movement intentions, and to address information gaps in understanding barriers and needs for returns, as well as requisite conditions for safe and voluntary returns. This fourth round of in-camp intentions findings assessed 49 IDP camps in 10 governorates, with data collection between 30 January to 26 February 2019. Analysis has been conducted at the governorate of displacement, governorate of origin, and national level, and can be found below.
Methodology: 
Nationwide, only 2% of IDP households planned to return in the next three months, with 5% of households intending to return over the next 12 months. Both are a reduction from the last round of in-camp intentions surveys (August 2018), where 9% of IDP households intended to return over the 12 months commencing from August 2018. Significant variations were observed between households from different governorates, with up to 21% of IDP households in Anbar intending to return, and all other return intentions ranging from 2% (Erbil) to 9% (Diyala). Uncertainty regarding movement intentions over 12 months was high, and increased from 28% (August 2018) to 34% (February 2019).
Key findings: 
Despite these variations in movement intentions, damage or destruction to homes in the AoO was reported across all governorates of origin as a reason for not intending to return. Similarly, increased safety and security was reported as a major need in order to enable safe and dignified returns. These findings are consistent with the last round of intentions findings, and indicate that increased stability of the security situation, and reconstruction and rehabilitation of homes, are still primary needs to enable safe, dignified, and durable returns. Other factors were also listed as inhibiting return. Nationwide, a lack of financial means to return (30%) and a lack of livelihood opportunities (27%) were both listed as reasons for not intending to return, with the availability of basic services (43%) reported as a major need to enable safe and dignified returns. With variations in the significance of these indicators across different governorates of origin, it can be suggested that ensuring safe and durable returns requires both a multi-faceted and localized approach. Data collection included all 49 IDP camps identified through CCCM Cluster data as having 100 or more households. A total of 4,300 households were interviewed, with households randomly sampled at the camp level to a 95% confidence level and a 10% margin of error. In order to continue informing the humanitarian response in both areas of displacement and return, REACH and the CCCM Cluster will carry out a second round of intentions surveys later in 2019.
Assessment Report: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
30 Jan 2019 to 26 Feb 2019
Status: 
Report completed
Unit(s) of Measurement: 
Households
Collection Method(s): 
Key Informant Interview
Population Type(s): 
IDPs
Cluster(s)/Sector(s): 
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
REACH Initiative
Camp Coordination and Camp Management Cluster - Iraq
Location(s): 
Al Anbar
Ninewa
Erbil
Salah al-Din
Other location: 
Kirkuk, Sulaymaniyah, Dahuk, Diyala, Kerbala, Baghdad