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Gender Based Violence Assessment Salah Al-Din Governorate Baiji and Balad districts

Subject/Objective: 

The GBV assessment was carried out in Baiji and Balad districts, Salah Al-Din Governorate, in September 2019. The aim of the assessment is to assess the current needs and perception of communities towards Gender Based Violence (GBV) issues, as well as to identify available services for GBV survivors in the area. 

Methodology: 

The assessment has been prepared, organized and conducted by INTERSOS staff in Salah al-Din between 1st - 5th September 2019. The assessment included primary and secondary data review and analysis. Data was collected in areas of return in Salah al-Din governorate, specifically Baiji and Balad towns. The assessment team was composed of an INTERSOS GBV Specialist, Protection Monitoring Officer, and a protection monitoring team. 
The assessment team conducted a total of seven Key Informant Interviews (KIIs) and six Focus Group Discussions (FGDs), comprised of 32 women and 31 men, in the areas of Baiji and Balad. KIIs were conducted with specialized health officials in Baiji and Balad (2), the Director of the Family and Child Unit in Tikrit (1), Caseworker in Baiji (1), NGO officials (2) and INGO representatives (1). The FGDs included three FGDs in Baiji, in which two were conducted with women above 18 years old, and one was conducted with men above 18 years old. In Balad, three FGDs were conducted in Yathreb (a suburb area of Balad), in which two FGDs were conducted with women above 18 years old, and one was conducted with men above 18 years old.

Key findings: 
  • Women and girls in both Baiji and Balad face many restrictions of movement due to gender norms and sexual harassment in public places.
  • Widowed and single mothers, including divorced or separated women, are at heightened risk of GBV.
  • Domestic violence is the main type of GBV reported in both areas including physical and emotional violence and denial of resources and opportunities either by the intimate partner or by the main male caregiver (father, brother, uncle, etc.).
  • Forced and Early Marriage are some of the deeply rooted practices prevalent in both areas.
  • Rape and sexual violence are under-reported due to the stigma and fear of consequences on the survivor and her family.
  • Lack or very limited access to essential services in both areas were reported, including health, education and income-generating activities.
  • Community traditions are one of the main barriers for women to access services or seek support.
  • Lack of / very limited trust from communities towards humanitarian organizations was reported, due to lack of buy-in and distrust by community and religious leaders, as well as previous cases of  Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (SEA) that have not been properly dealt with.  
  • Community members, specifically men, do not acknowledge that GBV is a main issue within their communities and women are being blamed in most cases for being survivors of GBV.
Assessment Report: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Operations(s)/Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
01 Sep 2019 to 30 Sep 2019
Status: 
Report completed
Population Type(s): 
Returnees
Cluster(s)/Sector(s): 
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
INTERSOS
Location(s): 
Salah al-Din