Food security Market Mapping in East Mosul
Food security Market Mapping in East Mosul
The study aims at providing evidence that helps identifying basic needs from a food security perspective for potential IDPs and vulnerable host community following the Mosul liberation offensive through: o Market mapping for value chains that the community would need when hosting IDPs, such as food items and cash transfer services, including identifying prices for these basic products that vulnerable groups would need. o Identifying the availability of enough reserve of such basic supplies in these communities and potential ease-of-flow of needed goods to the market through wholesales, producers and importers
ZOA recruited a team of enumerators and Data collectors with local partner to participate in the study under leadership from ZOA’s team. The study was more qualitative than quantitative, focusing mainly on the goods and supplies sources, availability of enough stock to cover potential IDPs’ needs, without creating demand that the market cannot supply, which would cause inflation and tension. Implementation of the study took the following steps: 1. Data gathering: A. Key Informants Interviews (KIIs) with governmental authorities concerned with the studied value chains, to map governmental policies and other factors of the community’s general context that affect this value chain. B. KIIs with whole sale shops that trade in relevant products or services that are being studied C. KIIs with small holders and shops that deal in these products or services D. Focus group discussion with a sample of consumers for the products that we’re studying E. Data sources and means of data gathering:
Demography: The Eastern side of Mosul City is composed of diversified groups of individuals, mainly educated people such as doctors, engineers and university professors. IDPs live as 3 or 4 household in the same building sharing the rent that is up to 350,000 IQDs. Before the latest crisis rents were 75,000 IQDs up to 150,000 IQDs. Many IDPs who stay in East Mosul are willing to go back to West Mosul, but are staying because they do not have a job in the other side of the river, and that they would rent a house there as well, in addition to the ongoing battle. IDPs from East Mosul to other areas in Northern Iraq and KRI are willing to return but are waiting to return until after the school exams. However Kurds and Christians are perceived that they will not return, some of them came back, rented their houses, and returned to where they were displaced to, in the northern districts such as Shaikhan and Akre or in Dohuk. 2. Public Distribution System (PDS) and other assistance: PDS agents that we met have expressed that there was once a distribution of flour, and another time a distribution of oil, sugar and rice. This was confirmed by the Mukhtars. There are 1500 IDP households that are staying temporarily in East Mosul, paying rent, and not receiving assistance, because the neighbourhood is perceived as good economically; 1900 other IDP households are registered at al Intisar area and have received PDS assistance once (rice, oil and sugar). MoDM sent assistance of food items, non-food items that are kitchen tools, via the PDS agents to IDPs from West Mosul. The PDS cards are factional and the main center in Al Zihor neighborhood, the items’ distributed once (flour, sugar and rice) was not enough for all the families many of them didn’t receive. 3. Market functionality: The market in East Mosul was revived by 80% of how it used to be, thanks to the traders of the city as compensatory to the central market of the city; there are two big markets in East Mosul; Al Nabi Younes and Hai Saddam ; they do wholesale shops and small trades. Market has all the needed food items for the family, who can afford of course, with reasonable prices, mainly the imported goods from Turkey, coming via Zakho and Dohuk, to Qokjaly wholesale market then to the city, while goods coming from Baghdad come through Kirkuk, El Hawli area. Quality check and customs increase market prices compared to the days when goods used to come from Syria, as per the small traders’ expression. In the start of the liberation the ministry of trade distributes Fast food basket; Mission east organization distributed kitchen kit for more than 350 families. Aaaen organization distributed dry food for around 1500 IDPs whom they registered Many supermarkets and mini-markets; the Biggest market in East Mousl is Al-Naby market, but the most vibrant wholesale market is Kogjaly market. During ISIS control, availability of goods and commodities from China, India and Turkey were not available enough and therefore their prices where 35% higher than they are now (they were being imported through Syria) Also during ISIS control, local production was much cheaper than it is now for example fresh meat, which was only sold in local market, which is now more expensive by 40% because of the reduced supply that is now being sold outside Mosul.