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Emergency Needs of Children Displaced from Mosul - A needs assessment from the perspective of children

Subject/Objective: 
. The main objectives of this study was to understand the felt needs and current status of children in terms of their dignity, protection, psychosocial wellbeing and participation in the child-friendly space initiative within the camps located in Zone 1 and 2 (under the administration of Erbil and Dohuk). The location and temporary camps sited included were: Zilkan camp (which has since been changed to Qaymawa Camp), Debaga camp, Khazer Camp M1 (which has since been changed to Hasansham M2), Hasansham Camp U3, Khazer Camp M1 and Nargzlia 1 Camp.
Methodology: 
The survey population for the assessment study consists of affected population (children in the age group of 12 – 17 years) children, (adult family members) women and men, residing in the 6 camps sites set up for the Mosul response in Zone 1 and Zone 2 (under the authority of Erbil and Dohuk). Considering the target population for this assessment survey was 12,979 families, the sample size that was determined was 374 (420 actually assessed) for children and 374 (407 actually assessed) for adult samples to be collected during the assessment; the sample was to include a further 10% non-response cases due to non-availability or migrated to other places. Since acquiring access and permission in each of the Zones and emergency camps was time-consuming and each location had its administrative clearances from various government bodies, the assessment in the 6 locations was conducted between December 2016 and January and February 2017. Two stages sampling methods were used, as the camps were stratified as sub-sectors and systematic sampling method was used to select tents for the assessment, approximately 64 children were interviewed per camp locations.
Key findings: 
MAIN FINDINGS CHILD RIGHTS AND WELLBEING Scores were calculated with 1 = Never and 4 = Always/ Everyday  Overall, children score 3.46 out of 4 indicating that fear is a near daily experience for most of them.  Children score 3.22 out of 4 on average that they feel hopeless and 3.27 out of 4 that they feel anger almost every day.  CHILD FELT NEEDS  The top three most frequently cited needs by children were food, followed by clothing including footwear, and water.  In addition, FGDs revealed children’s specific request for Kurdish language course and the need for formal schools. CHILD-FRIENDLY SPACES  Overall, 66% of children in this assessment are not attending CFS activities.  Culture, gender, weather conditions and distance are some of the main factors why parents will not allow them to go to CFSs. RECOMMENDATIONS CHILD RIGHTS AND WELLBEING  There is a need to increase the knowledge on where and how children can report cases of violence or abuse.  There is a need to have governmental child-friendly and easily accessible institutions on the ground for child abuse cases.  Psychological support and counseling should be available and mainstreamed in any programmatic interventions related to children (even during a distribution process). CHILD FELT NEEDS  Revise the food package contents distributed to families and evaluate whether they are suitable and meet the needs of their intended beneficiaries. CHILD-FRIENDLY SPACES  Psychological and psychosocial support activities for different age groups needs to be mainstreamed in CFSs and/or formal schools  CFSs, if not operating with formal school curricula, must consider seriously including books in their program to feed children’s hunger for books.  For expected displacement from Mosul, where children have already been lacking 2 years of education, the establishment of formal schools needs to be a priority. CFS activities do not replace the need for formal education.  The CFSs’ distance from the tents of IDPs needs to be seriously considered as a barrier to CFS attendance.  CFSs, need to adapt their program's activities per age groups and gender. Adolescents 14-17 years do not find themselves represented. Tailored life skills, professional skills or psychosocial activities adapted to the contexts and their experiences are recommended to take place.  
Sample size: 
420 children
Assessment Report: 
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Available on Request
Assessment Data: 
Available on Request
Contact(s): 
Joseph Fredrick Thomas
fredricktj@gmail.com
+964 7512481597 (Mobile)
Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
08 Jan 2017 to 26 Feb 2017
Status: 
Report completed
Unit(s) of Measurement: 
Households
Individuals
Collection Method(s): 
Structured Interview
Key Informant Interview
Population Type(s): 
Adolescents
Cluster(s)/Sector(s): 
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
World Vision International
Participating Organization(s): 
Child Protection Sub-Cluster- Iraq
Location(s): 
Al-Hamdaniya
Other location: 
Zilkan camp (which has since been changed to Qaymawa Camp), Debaga camp, Khazer Camp M1 (which has since been changed to Hasansham M2), Hasansham Camp U3, Khazer Camp M1 and Nargzlia 1 Camp.
Theme(s): 
Needs Assessment
Disaster(s)/Emergency: 
Iraq: Mosul Crisis 2016-2017