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Care Rapid Gender Analysis - COVID-19

Subject/Objective: 

This Rapid Gender Analysis (RGA) aims to:

  • Provide information about the different needs, capacities and coping strategies that COVID-19 potentially has on women, men, girls and boys and other vulnerable groups in Iraq.
  • Inform humanitarian programming in Iraq by providing practical programming and operational recommendations to meet the different needs of women, men, boys and girls and to ensure we ‘do no harm’ in times of COVID-19.
Methodology: 

The research has been undertaken from 7 to 12 June 2020; and due to the limitations and health risks around primary data collection under pandemic control measures in Iraq, the study focused on secondary data review of existing information both from CARE International in Iraq and MENA level RGA of CARE, besides the other available resources from government and humanitarian sector, including the peer agencies in Iraq. This RGA also benefited from the CARE’s Adapted RGA toolkit and its ethical considerations guidance note for conducting RGA’s during COVID-19.

Key findings: 
  • Key hygiene materials that are available to the general populations are not accessible by conflicted affected groups in Iraq, such as IDPs in and out of camps.
  • Women’s care burden has increased in the context of COVID-19 pandemic, due to the closure of schools and taking care of the infected household members.
  • While the key messaging on COVID19 is mainly being delivered via SMS, digital gender divide is present in Iraq, disproportionately affecting adolescent girls and women.
  • Women and girls’ access to treatment for COVID-19 is at stake, as the quarantining unaccompanied is not accepted culturally.
  • While reduction or changes in food consumption seems to be major coping mechanism utilized by communities, both government and humanitarian organizations seem to have limited or reduced food aid.
  • There is a dramatic increase in the reports of GBV and severity of the risks of GBV, such as domestic violence and early/forced marriages.

 

Key recommendations

  • Ensure inclusive and accessible water, sanitation and hygiene services and materials for all communities, including women, girls, men, and boys with or without disabilities. Promote meaningful engagement and participation of women, girls and people with disabilities in all COVID-19 related decision-making around response and prevention.Ensure sharing information that is accessible by and appropriate for all members of the communities, including women, girls, boys, elderly, people with disabilities, those with low literacy rates or who belong to the linguistic minorities.Ensure access to food and nutrition by urban and rural vulnerable groups, including women, IDPs, refugees and other conflict affected communities.
  • Prioritize and/or continue providing lifesaving protection and gender-based violence (GBV) services, which are adapted to the COVID-19 context.
  • Systemically collect sex, age and disability disaggregated data (SADD) for COVID-19 to understand and analyse direct and indirect impacts of COVID-19 on different groups to inform programming. 
Assessment Report: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Operations(s)/Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
07 Jun 2020 to 12 Jun 2020
Status: 
Report completed
Population Type(s): 
IDPs
Returnees
Host communities
Cluster(s)/Sector(s): 
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
CARE International
Location(s): 
Iraq
Theme(s): 
COVID-19