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Haiti Humanitarian Needs Overview 2017 [EN]


Hurricane Matthew, which passed through Haiti on 4 October 2016, significantly impacted the country’s humanitarian situation, mainly in its southern peninsula. The hurricane affected 175,000 people gathered in collective centres, and 806,000 people were in dire need of life-saving multi-sectoral assistance. It damaged and destroyed infrastructures and people’s homes and livelihoods, and disrupted basic social services, mainly in rural areas. With only 46 per cent of the $139 million Flash Appeal funded for the urgent response until the end of December 2016, hurricane-related needs will remain acute in 2017. Before the hurricane, humanitarian needs throughout the country were already quite significant, notably due to the cholera epidemic, the El-Niño-induced drought, the bi-national migration crisis, and the internally displaced persons (IDPs) following the 2010 earthquake. The hurricane added, and exacerbated existing needs. As a result, it is estimated that 750,000 people will require food assistance and 200,000 farmer households will need agricultural assistance, countrywide in 2017. Partners prepare for approximately 30,000 cholera cases, 1.65 million people requiring immediate community response during cholera outbreaks, and an cholera oral vaccination campaign, bringing the total number of people in need to 2.2 million. The bi-national migration crisis continues to affect populations on both sides of the Haiti–Dominican Republic border, with over 154,000 people reported to have crossed the border into Haitian territory from June 2015 to November 2016, and many remaining at risk of statelessness, smuggling and trafficking in persons. Returnees need assistance, in particular protection support. Nearly seven years after the earthquake, about 55,100 IDPs continue living in 31 camps, mainly in the metropolitan area of Port-au-Prince. They still lack options to leave camps, have poor access to basic services, and are among the most vulnerable persons in the country. Overall, humanitarian partners estimate that nearly 2.7 million Haitians will need humanitarian assistance in 2017. 

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
Government of Haiti
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
05 Feb 2017
Document type: 
Humanitarian Needs Overview