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Relying on Markets for Shelter Response to Hurricane Matthew in Haiti - AN ANALYSIS OF THE IRON SHEETING MARKET IN SOUTH AND GRAND’ANSE DEPARTMENTS

Key findings: 
Before the hurricane, wholesalers either purchased CGI from Haitian manufacturers or imported it. Vendors then bought the CGI from the wholesalers. Since the hurricane, more wholesalers have been importing CGI than buying locally. Beyond Port-au-Prince, there are wholesalers in market hubs, mid-level wholesalers, retailers, and consumers. Generally, the thinner, cheaper 34-gauge CGI has been supplied to the South. The most visible market impact of hurricane Matthew is the surge in demand for CGI. This surge is creating bottlenecks at the level of importers and wholesalers, which cause delays in delivery. Often, the quantity delivered to wholesalers or midlevel wholesalers does not correspond to the initial purchase request and fails to satisfy all customers. The most widely available type of CGI on the market is 34-gauge. However, the team observed that even in substandard CGI there are now different types of CGI 34-gauge, which range in thickness from 0.18mm to 0.24mm and are not always galvanized. The poor quality is exacerbated by the absence of quality control. The Government of Haiti recommends wide distribution of 34-gauge CGI, which contradicts the technical advice from the Shelter and NFI working group (which recommends 3ft x 6ft CGI, minimum gauge 30 or 0.399 mm) or the 2013 building code from the Government’s transport ministry (Ministère des travaux publics, transports et communications). Prices of 34-gauge CGI have increased by 21%, from an average of HTG 213 to HTG 275. The price is inflated at all levels of the chain because the surge in demand outstrips supply. Based on the estimated sheets purchased over the last three weeks in South and Grand’Anse (238,531), and the potential capacity of importing, producing, transporting and storing CGI in Haiti, the market can technically meet the demand of the most vulnerable (166,000 to 280,000 CGI sheets), but quality CGI is not available and the target group would not be able to afford it if it were. One producer, ACRA, can produce 10,000 CGI sheets per week that meet minimum quality standards, which means 280,000 sheets could be produced over the course of the upcoming dry season. The other half million sheets that meet minimum quality requirements would need to be imported. The EMMA exercise confirmed that CGI sheets are crucial to meeting humanitarian needs. There are multiple reasons for this, including seasonality, tarp’s life, the shelter needs of the most vulnerable, and issues related to protection
Assessment Report: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
14 Nov 2016
Status: 
Report completed
Population Type(s): 
All affected population
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
Catholic Relief Services
Location(s): 
Sud
Grand'Anse
Disaster(s)/Emergency: 
Hurricane Matthew - Sep 2016