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Ethiopia: Protection Strategy 2016 - 2019

1. Background

Activated in 2008, the UNHCR-led Ethiopia Protection Cluster focuses on the rights and needs of specific vulnerable groups, including women, children, persons with disabilities, elderly and Internally Displaced Persons (‘IDPs’), and is led by UNHCR. The first sub-national Protection Cluster in Gambella Regional State was established in December 2016. Child Protection and Gender Based Violence SubCluster (under the Protection Cluster) co-led by the Ministry of Women and Children Affairs (MoWCA) UNICEF and UNFPA; had been established in six regions (Somali, Afar, Oromiya, Tigray, Amhara and SNNPR), with government leadership. The Protection Cluster and the CP/GBV SubCluster membership includes Government Institutions, UN Agencies, national and international NGOs.

In 2015, the two main rainy seasons that supply over 80 per cent of Ethiopia’s agricultural yield and employ 85 per cent of the work force were not successful following which Ethiopia experienced one of the worst droughts in decades. HRD 2016 estimated that 10.2 million people would require emergency food assistance. In recognition that related protection risk will likely increase within this context, especially in areas of limited access, the protection sector is included in the HRD for the first time in 2016. 

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
Protection Cluster - Ethiopia
Original Publication Date: 
16 Mar 2017
Document type: 
Addis Ababa
Coordination hub(s): 
Addis Ababa