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Ethiopia Humanitarian Fund - 2016 Annual Report


In 2016, Ethiopia experienced the worst drought in the past fifty years which lead to a record level of humanitarian needs. The El Niño phenomenon severely affected food security and agricultural production in Ethiopia, with cascading effects on livelihoods, nutrition, health, water, sanitation, education and other sectors. This was due to the combined effect of drought, flooding, disease outbreaks and malnutrition, as well as the disruption of basic public services, including health and education.

Over one third of Ethiopia’s woredas (districts) were officially classified as facing a dire food security and nutrition crisis over the year. At the peak of the crisis in April, more than 10.2 million people were targeted with life-saving food assistance, while an additional 7.9 million people were targeted through the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP). The most affected regions included Afar, Amhara, Dire Dawa, Harari, Oromia, SNNPR, Somali and Tigray.

The number of ‘hotspot priority’ woredas identified for immediate life-saving emergency response showed a steady increase from 443 woredas in March to 454 woredas in December 2016. More than 217,400 severely malnourished children with medical complications received intensive life-saving medical treatment in hospital-based therapeutic feeding centres. Nearly 2.5 million children under 5 years’ age and pregnant and lactating mothers suffering from moderate acute malnutrition were treated with Targeted Supplementary Feeding.
At the peak of the drought, trucked water was regularly provided for 2.7 million people, and a further 2.6 million people received water treatment chemicals to ensure safe drinking water. Additionally, some 5.6 million farmers received immediate agricultural support. The drought resulted in increased school drop-outs among the Somali and Oromo pastoral communities. Support was provided to over 15,000 households with emergency livestock health interventions, with more than 83,000 animals treated.

United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
16 Jun 2017
Document type: 
Annual Report
Humanitarian Financing
Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2018