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The Economic Case for Early Humanitarian Response to the Ethiopia 2015/2016 Drought

Executive Summary

The Ethiopia Drought

In June of 2015, the Government of Ethiopia (GoE) declared that the spring Belg rains had failed. The declared number of people in need of humanitarian assistance rose from 2.9 million in January, to 4.5 million in August 2015. Only a few months later, in October of 2015, this figure was nearly doubled to 8.2 million as a result of the mid-Meher harvest assessments. In December 2015, the 2016 Humanitarian Requirements Document (HRD) was released, calling for US$1.4 billion in humanitarian aid to reach 10.2 million people in need. This was in addition to the 7.9 million chronically food insecure people who are provided with transfers under the Productive Safety Net Programme (PSNP).

Overview of the Analysis

The objective of this analysis is to conduct a Value for Money (VfM) assessment of DFID contingency funding that was provided early in this crisis. The hypothesis is that timely humanitarian funding – funding that is provided early, at the first signs of a crisis - should bring efficiency and effectiveness gains to the overall response. This analysis defines contingency funding as additional early funding triggered in response to the crisis through existing pipelines.

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
Organization(s): 
Government of United Kingdom - Department for International Development
Original Publication Date: 
31 Oct 2016
Document type: 
Analysis Report
Theme(s): 
Humanitarian Financing
Disaster(s)/Emergency: 
Ethiopia: Drought - 2015-2020