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Regional Outlook for the Horn of Africa and Great Lakes Region - April to June 2017

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

East Africa faces one of the biggest humanitarian crises in its history. The number of people in need of food assistance has increased to 26.5 million and the number of refugees who have sought protection in the Horn of Africa region has increased by 640,000 people to 4.4 million over the past six months.1 An additional 3 million people were internally displaced during the past eight months. This is driven by successive episodes of drought and failed harvests, conflict, insecurity and economic shocks affecting the most vulnerable. Humanitarian needs are expected to increase in the months ahead.

Recent rainfall has been insufficient to compensate for the delayed start of the rainy season, which brought below average levels of precipitation in March and April. The current drought in the Horn is largely comparable to that of October to November 2010 that peaked in 2011 with grave humanitarian needs. Extensive growing season failures and record low vegetation are observed across Somalia, southeastern Ethiopia and coastal Kenya. Northern and western Kenya, southwestern Ethiopia and eastern Uganda are also affected, although with more moderate consequences. Extensive livestock deaths have been reported. April field reports from Somalia indicate that, due to distress selling and livestock deaths, households in northern and central areas have lost 40 to 60 per cent of their livestock and households in southern regions 20 to 40 per cent of their herds, since the Deyr 2016/17 assessment.

Webspace(s): 
Organization(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
07 Jul 2017
Document type: 
Analysis Report
Location(s): 
Djibouti
Kenya
Rwanda
Uganda
Theme(s): 
Food/Nutrition Crisis
Humanitarian Assistance
Integrated Food Security Phase Classification (IPC)
Inter-Cluster Coordination
Internally Displaced People (IDPs)
Natural Disasters
Refugees and Returnees