DRC ERF- Final Report 2000-2013
DRC ERF- Final Report 2000-2013
The Emergency Humanitarian Intervention (EHI) Fund
The ERF in DRC was established in October 1999 – initially carrying the name Emergency Humanitarian Intervention (EHI) – with the objective to provide UN Agencies and NGOs with a rapid response mechanism for emergency needs of vulnerable communities. The Fund was to provide gap-filling financial support (mainly to cover logistical costs) to enable implementing partners to respond without delay to a crisis. In keeping with this premise, financing from the EHI was to be used to support emergency interventions for no longer than six months.
The emergency interventions funded through the EHI were addressing primary humanitarian needs of populations in life-threatening situations and preventing further deterioration of their livelihoods. The Fund was not intended for chronic social and economic problems or other long-term development needs.
From the EHI to the ERF
In 2001 following Consultative Committee’s recommendation, the EHI mandate was expanded to include the promotion of cross front line exchanges and Quick Impact Projects (QUIP) in order to respond to the rapidly changing humanitarian crisis in DRC, especially in the east part of the country. In fact, the situation on the ground required a more diverse, two-pronged response, focussing on bolstering the coping strategies of war-affected populations (through short and medium term support projects), and on promoting socio-economic initiatives. It was mainly projects to improve the social conditions of the beneficiaries and allow some recovery of local economies (reconstruction of schools, health care structure, reopening access roads and areas of economic exchange, etc.). In order to better reflect the new components of the EHI mandate, the Fund was renamed to Emergency Response Fund (ERF).
The ERF is now comprised of two types of decision-making mechanisms, the QUIP, and the EHI. The latter maintained the original role of the EHI to enable funding of emergency operations and timely delivery of assistance. All decisions regarding the use of funding through the ERF were taken by the Humanitarian Coordinator (HC) in accordance with the recommendations expressed by the Heads of UN agencies, operational agencies and two donors constituting the Consultative Committees (future Advisory Board).
However, in June 2002 a multi-donor mission that visited the DRC recommended the restructuring of coordination mechanisms in DRC and also that OCHA’s involvement in the EHI is limited to administering the Fund and to serving as catalyst for identification of potential projects. As a consequence, many components of the EHI that related to post-emergency action have been handed over to operational agencies such as United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF).
In 2004, in line with the new ERF mandate and taking into account the dynamics and the changes in the DRC humanitarian context especially the increase of internally displaced persons (IDPs), OCHA in partnership with UNICEF established the Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM). The RRM had the advantage of allowing an emergency response when a humanitarian crisis was triggered with resources and means readily available. The operational side of the RRM was ensured by UNICEF with its partners while OCHA was raising funds and managing coordination mechanisms. The RRM was funded by resources coming essentially from the ERF.
Given that the humanitarian crisis had become chronic and the willingness of donors to have more visibility on a humanitarian response, the DRC CHF was established in late 2005 and was fully functional in 2006 as a Country-based Pooled Fund mechanism, in line with the Humanitarian Reform initiative, to support humanitarian activities in DRC. Similar to the ERF, the CHF is operating under the overall authority of the Humanitarian Coordinator (HC).