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MIRA (Multi-Cluster Initial Rapid Assessment) in CAR

Subject/Objective: 

The Multi-Cluster Initial Rapid Assessment (MIRA) allows the Humanitarian Country Team in CAR to jointly achieve an enhanced understanding of humanitarian needs at the macro-level to inform on-going response in the immediate term as defined by the Emergency Response Plan (100 Day Plan), and to underpin the revision of the Strategic Response Plan. Due to the volatile nature of the situation, the MIRA’s findings will require updating as needs evolve. After this MIRA, in-depth sectorial assessments are required to establish the scale and of need and inform responses.
Due to the dynamic nature of the crisis, agencies should shift to monitoring systems that would allow them to respond to needs as they change.

Methodology: 

The MIRA involved thorough literature review and data collection in the most affected areas of the country. Information outside of Bangui displacements sites was collected from December 24 to 28, 2013. A total of 307 leaders in 86 communities were interviewed, including urban areas in Bangui and Bossangoa. The assessment, which was coordinated by the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), with technical support from the World Food Programme (WFP), involved over 20 agencies. IOM provided the data on IDP sites, using Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) methodology.

Key findings: 

Ouham, Ouham Pende, Ombella Mpoko, Nana Mambere, Nana Gribizi and Bangui:

Health: provision of emergency health assistance, including medicine
Protection: ensuring security and protection for the growing IDP population in and out of sites
Food Security: ensuring access to food and livelihood assistance to some 1.3m people
Water, Sanitation and Hygiene: emergency assistance to communities lacking the most basic water, sanitation and hygiene services

IDP sites in Bangui:

Immediate survival assistance in Food, and WASH assistance
Health: emergency heath support, health care for pre-existing conditions. The risk of epidemics is high
Security: IPDs will return home once the security situation gets better; in particular after the disarmament of armed groups
Communication: provide reliable information to a population that relies on word of mouth
Gender: The top priorities for women include protection-related issues and food

Sample size: 
3+ key informant interviews in 86 communities
Assessment Report: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Operations(s)/Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
23 Dec 2013 to 30 Dec 2013

Level of Representation

Non-representative
Frequency: 
Other
Status: 
Report completed
Unit(s) of Measurement: 
Community
Collection Method(s): 
Key Informant Interview
Population Type(s): 
All affected population
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
World Food Programme
Participating Organization(s): 
Agency for Technical Cooperation and Development (ACTED)
Location(s): 
Bangui
Nana-Gribizi
Nana-Mambéré
Ombella M'Poko
Ouham
Ouham Pendé
Other location: 
Theme(s): 
Needs Assessment
Field coordination