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Cameroon: Situation Report N°2, North-West and South-West Crisis, 31 December 2018


  • Since late 2017, long-running tensions in Cameroon’s North-West and South-West regions have escalated. With the proliferation of armed groups and deployment of defense forces, the crisis has increasingly shifted into armed conflict.
  • More than 1,200 cases of civilian protection rights violations have been registered, mainly involving physical abuse or threats, and lack of legal protection.
  • The humanitarian situation of the affected population has fast deteriorated. Insecurity and violence have forced more than 400,000 people to flee their homes and continue to have serious consequences on livelihoods and living conditions.
  • Around 351,000 IDPs and 372,000 people in the host community need water, sanitation and hygiene services.
  • Many of the conflict-hit population are suffering severe emotional stress. About 3,700 unaccompanied or separated children need urgent assistance and psycho-social care.
  • More than 40 per cent of clinics and health centres no longer provide vaccinations, less than 15 per cent of births are assisted by skilled attendants.
  • An Emergency response plan has been developed in May 2018 targeting 160,000 people. Eight clusters have been activated in October. By the end of 2018, the plan was only 40% per cent funded.
  • The 2019 Humanitarian Response Plan for Cameroon is being finalised. Planning workshops were held in Buea and Bamenda to ensure appropriate reflection of the crisis in the North-West and South-West in the national level plan
  • In December WFP provided food for 29,000 IDPs in Meme division in South-West region, the first large-scale distribution since the crisis erupted.
Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Original Publication Date: 
18 Jan 2019
Document type: 
Situation Report
Disaster management
Humanitarian Access
Humanitarian Financing
Coordination hub(s): 
Bamenda Coordination Hub
Buea Coordination Hub
Cameroon: North West and South West Crisis 2016-2021