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Cameroon: Emergency Food Security Assessment - EFSA (North West, South West), jan. 2019

The objectives of the EFSA were to: • assess the food security situation of households living in North West and South-West regions with a focus on Internally Displaced Person (IDP) households • assess the prevalence of malnutrition among children aged 6 to 59 months living in North West and South West by measuring Mid-Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) and controlling for bilateral edema • assess the situation of local food markets by analyzing local food supply chains and trader networks • identify further contributing factors to household food security.
4.1. Sampling The selection of the sample population followed a two-stage stratified sampling approach (cluster sampling). At first, the sample population was stratified along geographical region (North West and South West) and population group (non-IDP and IDP) as different food security characteristics were expected within each stratum. The minimum sample size was calculated at 200 households per stratum, resulting in a total sample size of 800 households, using the following formula: n = minimum sample size z = confidence value = 1.96 for a conf. level of 95% p = estimated prevalence of key indicator (18.10%)4 k = design effect = 2 for cluster sampling d = error margin (fixed at 7.6%)
Key findings: 
Results show that a significant percentage of households is female headed, around 31% in South West and 38% in North West, indicating potentially higher levels of exposure to protection risks. This represents an increase of 10% in North West and 9% in South West compared to 20175. SW NW Is the head of household male or female? Female 30.5% 38.1% 34.5% Male 69.5% 61.9% 65.5% Total 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% Similarly, around 35% of households in South West and 36% in North West are led by either a single, divorced or widowed head of household. These households are likely to be more vulnerable to shocks such as displacement and food shortages. SW NW What is the marital status of the head of household? Single 17.1% 14.7% 15.9% Married 64.5% 63.7% 64.0% Divorced / Separated 4.6% 3.5% 4.0% Widow or Widowed 13.8% 18.1% 16.1% Total 100.0%
Sample size: 
965 HH
Assessment Report: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Publicly Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Ibraima Hamadou Aminou
Assessment Date(s): 
01 Jan 2019 to 10 Jan 2019

Level of Representation

District / Province / Locality / County
Report completed
Unit(s) of Measurement: 
Collection Method(s): 
Population Type(s): 
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
World Food Programme
Participating Organization(s): 
World Food Programme
Food/Nutrition Crisis
Cameroon: North West and South West Crisis 2016-2019