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Cameroon : Assessment in Mora and Tokombere (Mayo-Sava, Far-North), Aug. 2016

Subject/Objective: 
a. Identify vulnerable groups of people in Mayo Sava, Mora and Tokombere arrondissements who are at risk of sliding into food insecurity b. Identify current livelihoods and income-generating opportunities and how they are contributing to the well-being of IDPs, returnees, refugees, and host in communities c. Examine current coping strategies that are being employed by affected people when accessing food and other commodities, and recommend ways to assist people to overcome harmful behavior d. Collect information about the food and income sources of affected people in Mora and Tokombere
Methodology: 
A total of 14 villages believed to be hosting IDPs, returnees, unregistered refugees and vulnerable food insecure host communities in the arrondissements of Mora and Tokombere were visited for the assessment. The assessment team conducted fourteen gender disaggregated (six involving men and eight involvingwomen) focus group discussions (FGDs), each comprising up to twelve people, and fifteen key informant interviews (KIIs). FGD participants were selected to be representative of particular affected groups in each of the assessed areas. Semi-structured questionnaires, proportional piling and guidance sheets were usedto gather information during FGDs. KI interviews were conducted with local officials who included Prefets, Sous-Prefets, Mayors6, village heads, and representatives of other humanitarian organisations such as the World Food Programme (WFP), Première Urgence (PU), and Action Contre la Faim (ACF). A checklist was used to collect relevant data on the FSL situation in the assessed locations. Markets assessment involved interviews with twelve traders and vendors, ten Mobile Money Transfer Agents (MoMTAs) and four other representatives of various payment mechanisms in physical markets of Mora center, Mémé and Tokombere center. Direct observations were critical in data triangulation. The tools used for data collection are available as annexes to this report. At the beginning of the assessment, a desk review of relevant documents was carried out to gain an understanding of the current context.
Key findings: 
Executive summary This report presents results and findings from the International Rescue Committee’s (IRC) Emergency Food Security and Livelihoods (EFSL) assessment, conducted in Mora and Tokombere arrondissements, Mayo Sava département, from the August 2 to 5, 2016. The assessment’s objective was to understand the effect of the current conflict on the IDPs, returnees, refugees, as well as host communities’ food security and livelihoods (FSL) situation, and to identify needs and priorities for a response. The assessment revealed that there is an urgent need to address the food and livelihoods situation in most villages around Mora and Tokombere. Most of the IDP and host community families were self-sustaining before the crisis, but now their livelihoods and income-generating opportunities have been severely disrupted. Harvests and livestock were devastated by either droughts or flooding over the past years, and current food supplies are severely limited by the conflict, leaving families with very little to eat and in need of external assistance. Program interventions that enhance life-saving support should therefore be given top priority. In the short term, humanitarian organizations should aim to promote access to food by affected communities with options to link this with livelihoods protection and recovery. This can be done through a market-based approach. Markets both for food and non-food items (NFIs) in locations that were visited are functional. In the longer term, assistance to support communities to re-engage into their previous livelihoods or to migrate to new opportunities in assisting them to recover from shocks can be prioritized. Thus humanitarian aid which promotes self-reliance to reduce the identified gap in own food production and in threats to livelihoods should be considered.
Sample size: 
14 villages
Assessment Report: 
Assessment Questionnaire: 
Not Available
Assessment Data: 
Publicly Available
Webspace(s): 
Assessment Date(s): 
02 Aug 2016 to 05 Aug 2016
Status: 
Report completed
Unit(s) of Measurement: 
Settlements
Collection Method(s): 
Key Informant Interview
Focus group discussion
Observation
Population Type(s): 
IDPs
Refugees
Returnees
Cluster(s)/Sector(s): 
Leading/Coordinating Organization(s): 
International Rescue Committee
Location(s): 
Mayo-Sava
Other location: 
Mora (Far north), Tokombere (Far North)
Theme(s): 
Cash Transfer Programming