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Burundi - Humanitarian Brief: Urgent Humanitarian Needs on the Rise (22 December 2016)

Burundi has experienced intermittent conflict since the early 1960s, reportedly leading to the killing of more than 300,000 people, many of them civilians.

The political crisis that erupted in 2015 and the subsequent insecurity continue to put at risk the relative stability achieved through the Arusha Peace and Reconciliation Agreement of 2000.
Since 2015, living conditions continue to deteriorate and humanitarian needs and concerns are persistently on the rise. The humanitarian community in Burundi estimates that the number of people in need of assistance has almost tripled since February 2016, increasing from 1.1 million to about 3 million people as of November 2016.

In December 2016, there were estimated 37,000 returnees, 139,000 internally displaced persons (IDPs) and 55,000 Congolese refugees in Burundi. 328,000 Burundian refugees were also recorded in Tanzania, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo and Uganda.

Webspace(s): 
Organization(s): 
United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
Cluster(s)/Sector(s): 
Original Publication Date: 
22 Dec 2016
Document type: 
Humanitarian Bulletin
Location(s): 
Burundi
Theme(s): 
Humanitarian Access
Human Rights and IHL
Internally Displaced People (IDPs)
Natural Disasters
Refugees and Returnees
Sexual and Gender based Violence
Coordination hub(s): 
Bujumbura