Site Maintenance and Engineering Project (SMEP)
As of March 2019, over 909,000 Refugee/Forcibly Displaced Myanmar Nationals (FDMNs) reside in Ukhiya and Teknaf Upazilas. The vast majority live in 34 extremely congested camps, including the largest single site, the Kutupalong-Balukhali Expansion Site, which is host to approximately 626,500 FDMNs.
Access to the refugee camps is critical to the humanitarian response. The wet and cyclone season is rapidly approaching and during this period the camp will flood, there will be landslides, existing roads will fail and access will not be possible unless additional works are undertaken as preventative measures and in preparation to react as required to maintain access. The works shall necessitate a multi-sectoral and multi-agency effort to ensure adequate coverage across all camps in Ukhia and Teknaf. It is proposed to establish a Site Maintenance and Engineering Project Office comprising the key stakeholders involved in the construction and use of the camp roads, namely IOM, UNHCR, and WFP. The Project will undertake the following four principal activities:
- Clearing and strengthening primary drainage channels,
- Maintaining vehicular access via maintenance, emergency repair and rehabilitation,
- Materials supply, fabrication, and pre-positioning to facilitate rapid response,
- Site preparation work.