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Humanitarian Preparedness and Response Plan for Climate-related Disasters in 2020

The 2020 Humanitarian Preparedness and Response Plan (HPRP) for climate-related disasters is developed based on the Humanitarian Coordination Task Team (HCTT)’s contingency plan for climate-related disasters in the COVID-19 pandemic context. The HPRP concerns three type of medium-scale disasters: Floods, Cyclone and Landslides. The HPRP has two main objectives: (1) To enhance the humanitarian community’s ability to support GoB-led response efforts if/when needed with speed, volume and quality by supporting resources mobilization efforts of all humanitarian partners including joint resource mobilization efforts supportive of national/local stakeholders, and; (2) To provide the required framework for a HCTT coordinated response to a climate-related disaster once concerned components of the HPRP are activated. HCTT’s work is defined by consensus among the humanitarian community and with the agreement of MoDMR. HCTT’s work is directly in line with a workplan approved by MoDMR and this HRPR is in line with the 2020 HCTT workplan. Any coordinated response aims to complement GoB-led efforts (either in volume or quality of the response) in line with humanitarian principles. Considering the impact of COVID-19 in Bangladesh and partners’ on-going humanitarian assistance to the consequences of the Health Emergency, the HPRP is expected to facilitate the coordinated engagement of the humanitarian community in preparation and response to climate-related disasters as per the humanitarian imperative to alleviate human suffering in the spirit of solidarity and shared responsibility. 

Statistically, there is high likelihood that the three considered climate-related disasters will occur in 2020 based on : (1) historical facts as presented in the contingency plan and; (2) on the most recent climate change analysis which predict an intensification of climate-related events as well as an increase of their frequency. Given the fact that the anticipated impacts of such events correspond to medium scale type of scenario, the planning figures used in the plan are considered as a reasonable guesstimate. Key reference years for each of the considered climate-related disaster are 2016 (Cyclone Roanu), 2017 (Landslides) and 2019 (Monsoon Floods). Would the three related medium-scale disasters occur as anticipated, 2020 would be highly similar to the year 2017 during which, the humanitarian community complemented the national response for Cyclone Mora, Monsoon Floods and Landslides climate-related disasters. 

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
United Nations Resident Coordinators Office
Original Publication Date: 
18 May 2020
Document type: 
Strategic Response Plan
Inter-Cluster Coordination
Coordination hub(s): 
Tropical Cyclone Amphan - May 2020