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Minimum Standards for Child Protection in Humanitarian Action

What is Child Protection in Humanitarian Action?
Child protection is the ‘prevention of and response to abuse, neglect,
exploitation and violence against children’.
The objectives of humanitarian action are to:
Save lives, alleviate suffering and maintain human dignity during and after
disasters; and
Strengthen preparedness for any future crises.
Humanitarian crises can be caused by humans, such as conflict or civil unrest;
they can result from disasters, such as floods and earthquakes; or they can be
a combination of both.
Humanitarian crises often have long-lasting, devastating effects on children’s
lives. The child protection risks children face include family separation,
recruitment into armed forces or groups, physical or sexual abuse,
psychosocial distress or mental disorders, economic exploitation, injury and
even death. They depend on factors such as the:
Nature and scale of the emergency;
Number of children affected;
Sociocultural norms;
Pre-existing child protection risks;
Community-level preparedness; and
Stability and capacity of the State before and during the crisis.
Child protection actors and interventions seek to prevent and respond
to all forms of abuse, neglect, exploitation and violence. Effective child
protection builds on existing capacities and strengthens preparedness before
a crisis occurs. During humanitarian crises, timely interventions support the
physical and emotional health, dignity and well-being of children, families and

Operation(s)/ Webspace(s): 
Child Protection Sub-Sector - Bangladesh
Original Publication Date: 
17 Oct 2019
Document type: 
Cox's Bazar
Child Protection
Coordination hub(s): 
Cox's Bazar
Bangladesh: Rohingya Refugee Crisis 2017-2020